Luca Signorelli (1450-1523)
Master of fresco painting, figure drawing; influenced Michelangelo's frescoes.
Leonardo da Vinci
Greatest Renaissance oil painter/draftsman (The Last Supper, Mona
Greatest Renaissance sculptor (Pieta, David) and painter,
renowned for his Genesis and Last Judgement Sistine
Chapel frescoes in Rome.
Raphael (Raffaello Santi)
Greatest exemplar of High
Renaissance painting, noted for his Papal frescoes.
Sebastiano del Piombo
Best known for portraits. A rival of Raphael, he was helped by Michelangelo.
Andrea del Sarto
Known for his grisaille work, his fresco murals and his famous altarpiece:
Madonna of the Harpies. Leader of High Renaissance in Florence after 1510.
Parma painter, noted for illusionistic frescoes and altarpiece oils.
Gentile Bellini (c.1429-1507)
Noted for historical scenes of Venice and portraits of Doges.
Father of Venetian painting; pioneer of luminous oil painting.
Vittore Carpaccio (c.1465-1525/6)
Venetian artist, influenced by Gentile Bellini, noted for Legend of
Pioneer of the Venetian School of painting.
Lorenzo Lotto (1480-1556)
High Renaissance artist, noted for his portraiture and religious panel
Greatest Renaissance exponent of colour painting in oils and fresco.
Greatest Venetian architect of the Renaissance.
Jacopo Bassano (1515-1592)
Mannerist painter noted for his portraiture and Biblical genre-painting.
Jacopo Tintoretto (1518-1594)
Major Venetian painter of monumental religious works.
Paolo Veronese (1528-1588)
One of Venice's leading colourists, noted for The Wedding at Cana.
RENAISSANCE (FLANDERS, NETHERLANDS, GERMANY)
(Master of Flemalle) (c.1378-1444)
Flemish artist, famous for Merode Altarpiece.
Jan van Eyck (1390-1441)
Flemish painter, noted for Ghent Altarpiece - a masterpiece of
Stefan Lochner (c.1400-51)
German painter of the Cologne School noted for the Three Kings Altarpiece
Roger Van der Weyden
Flemish artist and leading religious panel-painter of Northern Renaissance.
Dieric (Dirk) Bouts
First Flemish painter to use single vanishing point; noted for religious
Hans Memling (c.1433-94)
Flemish portrait artist, religious altarpiece painter, of the Bruges School.
Michael Pacher (1435-98)
Austrian religious artist, noted for the Altarpiece of the Church Fathers.
Hugo Van Der Goes
Oil painter from Netherlands, noted for religious art like Portinari
Graphic artist, printmaker and painter from Colmar.
Greatest of all medieval painters, noted for complex moralizing works.
Quentin Massys (c.1465-1530)
Flemish genre painter of the Antwerp School, noted for secular-style portraits.
Noted for his intense expressionist religious paintings; Isenheim Altarpiece.
Albrecht Durer (1471-1528)
Greatest painter and printmaker of the Northern Renaissance.
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Leading Renaissance painter in Germany, noted for his court portraiture.
Noted for Romantic Danube School of landscape, and Battle of Issus.
Hans Baldung Grien
German Renaissance artist, engraver; painted high altar in Freiburg Cathedral.
Pioneer landscape painter of the Netherlandish Renaissance.
Hans Holbein The
Celebrated as one of the greatest portrait painters.
Pieter Bruegel the
Leading Flemish artist of his day, master landscape painter.
English miniaturist, noted for his oval-style miniature portrait paintings.
Florentine artist; with Primaticcio, led Fontainebleau School of Mannerism.
Jacopo Pontormo (1494-1556)
Florentine fresco/oil painter; Deposition Altarpiece, San Lorenzo
Giulio Romano (1499-1546)
Raphael's top assistant, noted for his illusionist frescoes in Mantua
Mannerist painter, etcher, from Parma, known for Madonna with a Long
Agnolo Bronzino (1503-1572)
Mannerist portrait painter influenced by Pontormo, also noted for tapestry
Giorgio Vasari (1511-1574)
Painter, architect, art historian known for Lives of The Artists
Giuseppe Arcimboldo (1527-93)
Best-known for his bizarre Mannerist fruit & vegetable portraits.
The hugely influential Mannerist sculptor: worked in Rome and Florence.
El Greco (Domenikos Theotocopoulos)
Noted for his dazzling spiritual works and portraits.
Bolognese Baroque artist noted for Farnese Gallery frescos in Rome.
Catalan religious painter, pioneer of tenebrism and naturalistic chiaroscuro.
Milanese painter noted for his figurative realism & tenebrism.
Guido Reni (1575-1642)
Classical Baroque painter, influenced by Caravaggio, Raphael and the Antique.
Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)
Foremost Baroque history painter and portraitist.
Adam Elsheimer (1578-1610)
Influential German landscape artist & history painter. Influenced
Neapolitan painter, pupil and first close follower of Caravaggio.
Bolognese School painter noted for frescoes, altarpieces, landscape paintings.
Giovanni Lanfranco (1582-1647)
Correggio-inspired High Baroque fresco painter, member of Neapolitan School.
Simon Vouet (1590-1649)
Leader of French artists in Rome; later official court painter to Louis
Jusepe (Jose) de Ribera
Naples-based Spanish realist religious painter.
Guercino (Giovanni Francesco
Italian painter, draughtsman, leader of Bolognese School of Baroque painting.
Georges de La Tour
French caravaggesque painter, noted for religious & genre paintings.
Daughter of Orazio G; first female member of the Florence Academy of Art.
Jacob Jordaens (1593-1678)
Flemish Baroque painter, noted for genre paintings, portraits, tapestry
Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665)
Possibly the greatest classical academic painter of all time.
Pietro da Cortona
Greatest fresco painter of the Italian High Baroque.
Giovanni Bernini (1598-1680)
The dominant sculptor and architect of the Counter-Reformation Baroque.
Francisco de Zurbaran
Master of chiaroscuro, noted for his religious pictures and still-lifes.
Anthony Van Dyck
Infant prodigy, pupil of Rubens, noted for his portraits.
Diego Velazquez (1599-1660)
Court painter, possibly the greatest old master of the Spanish school.
Claude Lorrain (1600-82)
Classical landscape artist, initiator of Claudean style.
Le Nain Brothers
(Antoine, Louis, Mathieu) (c.1600-77)
French Realist genre painters, portraitists; noted for peasant scenes.
Castiglione (Il Grechetto)
Genoa painter & etcher, founder of monotype, noted for Biblical animal
Mattia Preti (Il Cavaliere
Influential fresco painter; active with Giordano in Neapolitan Baroque
Salvator Rosa (1615-73)
Famous for his wild romantic landscapes and battle scenes.
Successful Spanish Baroque artist, religious painter, genre-scenes.
Charles Le Brun (1619-90)
French painter, authoritarian Director of French Academy/Gobelins tapestries.
Luca Giordano (1634-1705)
Leading decorative painter of the late 17th century Neapolitan Baroque.
Andrea Pozzo (1642-1709)
High Baroque specialist in quadratura trompe l'oeil illusionistic
Francesco Solimena (1657-1747)
The greatest late Baroque decorative fresco painter in Naples c.1690-1730.
French portrait artist noted for paintings of Louis XIV and the royal
Frans Snyders (1579-1657)
Undisputed master of Baroque still life: Antwerp school.
Frans Hals (1582-1666)
One of the greatest portraitists in post-Renaissance art.
Dutch Realist genre-painter, Utrecht school.
Gerrit van Honthorst
Italian inspired Caravaggist, member of Utrecht school.
Adriaen Brouwer (1605-38)
Noted for his tavern genre-pictures.
Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669)
World's greatest portrait artist, noted for chiaroscuro technique.
Jan Davidsz de Heem (1606-83)
Still life artist, Utrecht/Antwerp School of Dutch Realism.
Adriaen van Ostade
Peasant scene artist, Haarlem school.
David Teniers the
Dutch Realist, peasant, guardroom scenes.
Harmen van Steenwyck
Leading advocate of vanitas still life painting.
Gerard Terborch (1617-81)
Haarlem school genre painter.
Willem Kalf (1619-93)
Noted for still life pictures, especially pronkstilleven and vanitas
Aelbert Cuyp (1620-91)
Dordrecht school landscape artist.
Jan Steen (1626-79)
Leiden school, tavern genre scenes, 17th century Holland.
Samuel Van Hoogstraten
Genre painter; interiors with deep linear perspective, peep-show pictures.
Jacob Van Ruisdael
Haarlem school landscapes, noted for The Jewish Cemetery.
Gabriel Metsu (1629-67)
Intimate small-scale genre scenes.
Pieter de Hooch (1629-83)
Delft school of Dutch genre-painting.
Jan Vermeer (1632-1675)
Delft school Dutch genre-painter, unrecognized in his life time.
Meindert Hobbema (1638-1709)
Pupil of Jacob van Ruisdael. One of the last Dutch Realist landscape artists.
Rachel Ruysch (1664-1750)
Greatest ever female flower painter, from Amsterdam.
Noted for The Pilgrimage to the Island of Cythera and his "fetes
Known for his Wurzburg Palace frescos (eg.) Apollo Bringing the Bride.
Famous topographical/architectural landscape painter
Jean Chardin (1699-1779)
One of the greatest 18th century still life artists.
Created "mythologie galante", Odalisque portraits, porcelain/tapestry
View painter (veduta) of Venice school: Impressionistic style.
Canaletto's nephew, noted for urban landscapes of Venice, Dresden, Warsaw.
Best-known for The Swing and his "figure de fantaisie"
Rococo portraitist, Neoclassical history painter, active in Rome and London.
Rococo court painter to Queen Marie-Antoinette and European aristocracy.
Anton Raphael Mengs (1728-79)
German portraitist, court painter, friend of Johann Winckelmann.
Passionate, classical-style, political master painter.
Dominique Ingres (17801867)
Neoclassicist exponent of "academic art."
Francisco Goya (1746-1828)
Spanish court painter, one of the great portraitists (The Nude Maja).
William Blake (1757-1827)
Symbolist religious painter, printmaker and book illustrator.
French Romantic painter, pupil of J-L David; influenced Gericault, Delacroix.
Note: the term 'Old Master' should not
be confused with the category of noted but anonymous painters from the
same period, who are labelled "Master of (a location, or work of
art)". Examples include: Master of the Housebook, an unidentified
Dutch painter named after drawings in the Hausbuch in Schloss Wolfegg;
Master of St Cecilia, an unnamed Italian painter who painted the St Cecilia
altarpiece; Master of the Lyversberg Passion, a German painter responsible
for a Passion series now in Cologne.