List of Famous
Figurative Painters (18th and 19th Century)
English painter, engraver, founder of English
Allan Ramsay (1713-84)
Official portraitist to King George III.
Eminent portraitist, President of London Royal Academy.
George Stubbs (1724-1806)
Equestrian artist, horse painter, animalier.
Portrait artist, landscapes.
Joseph Wright of
Midlands portrait painter, noted for his chiaroscuro & candlight
Henry Fuseli (1741-1825)
Romantic expressionist artist, symbolist painter.
Henry Raeburn (1756-1823)
Scottish portrait artist, active in Edinburgh, famous for The Skating
William Blake (1757-1827)
The outstanding English engraver, etcher, watercolourist and illustrator.
Regency society portraitist, painter to King George III; See Best
David Wilkie (1785-1841)
Genre painter from Scotland; one of the youngest Royal Academicians (RA).
Outstanding Victorian painter and sculptor.
The most revered English artist (portraitist, sculptor) of the late 19th
William Powell Frith
Victorian genre painter noted for Derby Day and The Railway
Victorian neoclassicist, noted for Greek subject paintings, and portraiture.
Painter, designer, decorative artist; leader of Arts & Crafts Movement.
Classical subject painter, noted for female nudes such as The Tepidarium.
Landscape Painters (18th and 19th Century)
Founder of modern school of English
John Crome (1768-1821)
Norfolk landscape artist, President of Norwich School; influenced by Hobbema.
JMW Turner (1775-1851)
Greatest watercolourist landscape painter; one of the best
One of England's best landscape artists.
Noted for "The Hay Wain."
John Sell Cotman
Watercolourist of the Norwich School of landscape painters.
John Martin (1789-1854)
History painter of Biblical scenes; exponent of Romanticism; printmaker.
Pioneer naturalist landscape painter, helped launch plein-air painting
Figurative Painters (18th and 19th Century)
Innovative history painter, portraitist, "Father of American Painting."
John Singleton Copley
American portraitist, history painter - Boston and London.
Greatest American portrait painter of late-18th/ early-19th century.
Best known for his history painting Washington Crossing the Delaware.
Winslow Homer (1836-1910)
American pioneer-style seascapes, Civil War paintings, scenic views.
Thomas Eakins (1844-1916)
Greatest American exponent of figurative realism. Noted for The Gross
John Singer Sargent
One of the best portrait artists,
noted for society portraits.
Painter, illustrator & sculptor of American cowboy 'Wild West'.
Landscape Painters (19th Century)
Founder of Hudson
River school of American wilderness landscape painting.
George Caleb Bingham
Missouri genre-painter, frontier luminist landscape artist, portraitist.
George Inness (1825-1894)
Brilliant Impressionistic painter, who defined Tonalism.
Pupil of Cole, and America's greatest ever landscape painter.
German-born landscape artist of Hudson River School, Luminism
Albert Pinkham Ryder
American Romantic expressionist landscape painter.
Famous for his Ukiyo-e landscape prints, like The Great Wave
Last of major Ukiyo-e artists; noted for landscapes, nishiki-e
David Friedrich (1774-1840)
German symbolist landscape painter. One of the great Romantic
Known for his masterpiece "The Raft of the Medusa."
Romantic French history painter; ranked with Gericault and Delacroix.
Eugene Delacroix (1798-63)
Leader of French Romantic movement; one of the best
history painters ever.
Madox Brown (1821-93)
Fringe member, socially conscientious painter, muralist, stained glass
William Holman Hunt
Co-founder of PRB. Famous paintings include The Lady of Shalott.
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Co-founder, noted for The Annunciation and other romantic works.
John Everett Millais
Traditional portraitist, best-known for his romantic painting Ophelia.
Painter, stained glass/tapestry designer for William Morris & Co.
John William Waterhouse
English Romantic painter of historical/literary works, like The Lady
Georg Waldmuller (1793-1865)
Austrian painter in Biedermeier style; famous for landscapes and portraiture.
Carl Spitzweg (1808-1885)
Famous for his Biedermeier style of genre painting in the tradition of
Renowned French Caricaturist, graphic artist and realist painter.
Gustave Courbet (1819-77)
Founder of French Realism art movement, leader of Realist
Franz von Lenbach
Highly successful German portraitist best known for his portraits of Bismarck.
Wilhelm Leibl (1844-1900)
German realist portraitist also famous for his peasant genre paintings.
Romantic/Realist French landscape painter.
Leader of Barbizon
School of Landscape Painting.
Jean-Francois Millet (1814-75)
Realist painter, founding member of Barbizon School.
Barbizon painter whose brushwork anticipated Impressionism.
Noted for his history painting. Huge influence on Andre Breton & Surrealism.
Symbolist painter from Switzerland, best known for Island of the Dead.
Odilon Redon (1840-1916)
Painter, printmaker, noted for The Cyclops; anticipated Surrealism.
With Arnold Bocklin, one of the founders of modern art in Switzerland.
Max Klinger (1857-1920)
Individualistic and influential German symbolist painter, etcher, sculptor.
James Ensor (1860-1949)
Belgian exponent of Symbolism, famous for Christ's Entry Into Brussels.