For a list of the Top 10 painters/
sculptors: Best Artists of All
For the best oils/watercolours,
see: Greatest Paintings Ever.
MEANING OF ART
For a discussion of the types,
values, and significance of the
visual arts, see: Definition of Art.
English Painters Born 1700-1800
Pioneer figurative painter; founder of English portraiture and genre-painting.
Scottish-born portrait painter, official portraitist to King George III.
Pioneer of English landscape painting.
Alexander Cozens (1717-86)
One of the first exclusively landscape painters; noted for monochrome
Hone the Elder (1718-84)
Irish portraitist settled in London; earliest of the 18th-century miniaturists.
Grand style portraitist, first President of London Royal Academy of Fine
Finest ever animalier and equestrian horse painter.
Francis Cotes (1725-70)
Follower of Reynolds, noted for his sensitive portraits in cool colours.
Outstanding portrait and landscape painter.
Johann Zoffany (1733-1810)
Fine genre painter, visual chronicler and portrait artist.
Wright of Derby (1734-97)
Highly original portraitist and genre painter, noted for candle-lit scenes.
George Romney (1734-1802)
Noted for his sympathetic, charming but mediocre portraits.
Of British parents, initially a portraitist, became a great history painter.
American artist active in London. Second President of Royal Academy.
Tilly Kettle (c.1740-86)
Follower of Reynolds who made a fortune painting Princes, Nabobs of India.
Richard Cosway (1740-1821)
Greatest English miniaturist painter of the close of the 18th-century.
John Hamilton Mortimer (1741-89)
Romantic, history painter; lifelong friend of Joseph Wright.
One of the best Irish artists in London, noted for his mythological
painting executed in the 'grand style'.
Romantic expressionist artist, symbolist painter.
Ozias Humphrey (1742-1810)
Miniaturist, pastel artist, later Portrait Painter in Crayons to
John Russell (1745-1806)
Miniaturist portrait artist in crayon, pastel, plumbago or lead pencil.
Henry Walton (1746-1813)
Genre painter of grace and charm in the manner of the great Jean Chardin.
John Robert Cozens (1752-99)
Son of Alexander Cozens; the finest landscape watercolourist of his day.
Thomas Stothard (1755-1834)
Illustrative artist noted for his literary painting and small book-illustrations.
Sir Henry Raeburn
Virtuoso portrait artist, a Scottish Holbein or Van Dyke.
Highly original engraver, etcher, watercolourist and illustrator.
John Hoppner (1758-1810)
Portrait painter to Prince of Wales (George IV) despite lack of individuality.
John Opie (1761-1807)
Best known for Portrait of the Painter and Portrait of a Boy.
Founder of Norwich school
of landscape painters, inspired by Hobbema.
President of the Royal Academy, polished/flashy Regency era portraitist.
Archer Shee (1769-1850)
President of the Royal Academy, good portraitist without Lawrence's vitality.
James Ward (1769-1859)
Much admired romantic, dramatic painter of animals in landscape settings.
England's first major watercolourist.
JMW Turner (1775-1851)
The greatest English watercolourist and landscape painter.
England's greatest naturalist landscape artist.
John Varley (1778-1842)
Influential drawing teacher, known for romantic lake and mountain scenes.
Sir Augustus Wall Callcott (1779-1844)
Landscape artist noted for classical schemes; known as "the English
John Sell Cotman
Drawing teacher, watercolourist painter of Norwich school, illustrator.
Samuel Prout (1783-1852)
Architectural water-colour painter of gothic cathedrals, churches, and
David Cox (1783-1859)
One of the great landscape artists, wrote treatise on watercolour painting.
Peter de Wint (1784-1849)
Landscape artist best known for his watercolours, and also some oil paintings.
Rural genre painter, inspired by Dutch Realists; popularized rustic scenes.
Benjamin Robert Haydon (1786-1846)
Tragi-comical painter of historical/religious paintings in the 'Grand
Talented Irish genre painter & colourist, a precursor of the Pre-Raphaelites.
William Etty (1787-1849)
Arguably the greatest English painter of the nude figure (York Art Gallery).
Famous for huge historical landscapes. Like Samuel Palmer, a great Romantic.
Charles Robert Leslie (1794-1859)
Painter of literary/historical themes, best known as biographer of Constable.