Georges de La Tour (1593-1652)
French Baroque painter noted for his use of Tenebrism and dramatic lighting.
The Penitent Magdalene (1640) Louvre, Paris.
Thomas Lawrence (1769-1830)
Portraitist, successor to Joshua Reynolds as Royal Portrait Painter to
Sarah Goodin Barrett Moulton: "Pinkie" (1794) Huntington
Gallery, San Marino.
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)
One of the greatest artists and inventors of the Italian Renaissance,
famous for his "sfumato" method of shading.
Virgin of the
Rocks (1484) oil on wood, Louvre, Paris.
Lady with an
Ermine (1490) oil on panel, Czartoryski Museum, Krakow
Supper (1495-98) fresco, Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan.
Mona Lisa (1503) Louvre,
Limburg Brothers - Paul, Jan, Herman
French miniaturists, specialists in book illustration for Philip II of
Burgundy/Duc de Berry.
Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Berry (1416) Musee Conde Chantilly.
Filippino Lippi (1457-1504)
Pupil of his father Fra Filippo Lippi and Botticelli.
Virgin and Child with Saints (Madonna of the Otto) (1485) tempera,
Stephan Lochner (1400-51)
Finest 15th century artist of Cologne, noted for his altarpieces.
"Three Kings Altarpiece" (c.1440) Cologne Cathedral.
The Last Judgement (c.1440) Wallraf-Richartz-Museum, Cologne.
Madonna of the Rose Bower (1448) Wallraf-Richartz-Museum.
Ambrogio Lorenzetti (c.1285-1348)
Leading member of the 14th century Sienese School.
of Good and Bad Government (1338-9) Palazzo Pubblico, Siena.
Claude Lorrain (1600-82)
French painter revered for his famous landscape paintings, typically featuring
classical Italianate pastoral scenes. He was the first artist to introduce
'narrative' into the landscape genre.
Landscape with the Marriage of Isaac and Rebecca (1648) oil, National
Lorenzo Lotto (1480-1556)
Highly original Renaissance/Mannerist painter in Venice.
The Annunciation (1534) Pinacoteca Communale, Recanati.
Andrea Mantegna (1430-1506)
Influential Renaissance artist noted for foreshortening and tromple l'oeil
degli Sposi frescoes (c.1474) Ducal Palace, Mantua.
The Court of Ludovico II Gonzaga (c.1474) Ducal Palace, Mantua.
over the Dead Christ (c.1490) oil on canvas, Pinacoteca di Brera,
Simone Martini (1284-1344)
After Duccio, the greatest of all painters from the Siena School.
Triptych (1333) egg tempera on panel, Uffizi Gallery, Florence.
Tommaso Masaccio (1401-28)
With Donatello and Brunelleschi, one of the greatest artists of the Florentine
Chapel Frescoes (1424-8) Church of Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence
(c.1425-6) fresco, Brancacci Chapel.
from the Garden of Eden (c.1425-6) fresco, Brancacci Chapel.
The Holy Trinity
(1428) fresco, Santa Maria Novella, Florence.
Hans Memling (1433-94)
Eclectic Netherlandish painter based in Bruges.
Triptych (1471) oil on panels, Muzeum Narodowe, Gdansk.
(1480) oil on oak, National Gallery, London.
Arguably the greatest-ever painter and sculptor in the history of art.
Fresco (1508-12) Sistine Chapel Ceiling, Vatican, Rome.
Creation of Adam
(God Passing the Spark of Life) (1511) part of the Genesis fresco.
Fresco (1535-41) Sistine Chapel Altar Wall, Vatican.
See also: Sistine Chapel
Frescoes, Vatican, Rome.
Giovanni Battista Moroni (1524-78)
Mannerist painter best-known for his portraiture.
Portrait of Don Gabriel de la Cueva y Giron (1560) Gemaldegalerie,
Portrait of a Man "The Tailor" (1570) National Gallery,
Le Nain Brothers: Louis (1600-48),
Antoine (1599-1648) and Mathieu Le Nain (1607-77)
Family of French artists renowned for their genre painting of blacksmiths
and the like.
Blacksmith at His Forge (1640) Louvre, Paris.
Michael Pacher (1434-98)
Austrian/German Renaissance Tyrolese painter and sculptor, influenced
Altarpiece of the Church Fathers (1484) oil on wood, Alte Pinakothek,
Parma-born Mannerist painter/engraver, influenced by Correggio & Raphael.
with the Long Neck (1535) oil on panel, Uffizi, Florence.
Joachim Patenier (Patinier/Patinir)
Underrated Netherlandish painter, innovative pioneer of narrative landscapes.
Charon Crossing the Styx (1515-24) oil on panel, Prado, Madrid.
The Rest on the Flight into Egypt (1515) oil on panel, Koninklijk
Museum, Antwerp; and Prado.
Umbrian school Renaissance painter, master of oil painting, noted for
Sistine Chapel frescoes.
Handing the Keys to St Peter (1481-2) fresco, Sistine Chapel, Vatican.
Pieta (1494-5) tempera, Uffizi, Florence.
Piero della Francesca (1420-92)
Umbrian painter, expert in linear perspective, one of the pioneers of
the early Renaissance.
The Baptism of Christ (1440-50) tempera on panel, National Gallery,
of Christ (1460) oil and tempera, Galleria Nazionale delle Marche,
Portraits of Federico da Montefeltro and Battista Sforza (1465-66)
Brera Madonna (1472-4) oil on panel, Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan.
Piero di Cosimo (1461-1521)
Eccentric, reclusive Florentine painter, best known for allegorical paintings.
Portrait of Simonetta Vespucci (1482) tempera, Musee Conde, Chantilly.
Pietro da Cortona (15961669)
Quadraturista, famous for his High Baroque trompe l'oeil ceiling frescoes.
of Divine Providence and Barberini Power (1633-39) Palazzo Barberini.
Jacopo Pontormo (1494-1556)
Pupil of Andrea del Sarto and Leonardo; influential Italian Mannerist
Cosimo de' Medici Il Vecchio (1518-19) oil on panel, Uffizi, Florence.
The Deposition of Christ (1525-8) Capponi Chapel, Florence.
Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665)
Greatest French painter of the 17th century; one of the best history painters
in the history of art; also revered for his polished 'academic' style
The Great Bacchanal With Woman Playing A Lute (1628) Louvre, Paris.
Arcadian Shepherds (1637) Louvre, Paris.
Rape of the Sabines (1638) oil on canvas, Louvre, Paris.
The Holy Family on the Steps (1648) oil on canvas, National Gallery,
Andrea Pozzo (1642-1709)
Jesuit painter, architect; greatest exponent of quadratura illusionistic
painting of the Baroque.
of St Ignatius (1694) ceiling fresco, San Ignazio, Rome.
Jean Pucelle (c.1290-1334)
French Gothic book painter noted for his exquisite illuminations.
Manuscript (c.1330) Paris National Library.
Jeanne d'Evreux (1324-28) The Cloisters, Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Quarton, Enguerrand (de Charenton)
Leading figure of the Provence school pf painting.
Pieta (Pieta de Villeneuve-les-Avignon) (1454-6) Louvre, Paris.
Henry Raeburn (1756-1823)
Leading Scottish portraitist who painted direct onto canvas without sketches.
The Rev Robert Walker Skating on Duddingston Loch (1784) oil, National
Gallery of Scotland.
Raphael (Raffaello Santi) (1483-1520)
Probably the greatest painter of the High Renaissance.
Raphael Rooms (Stanze
di Raffaello) (1508-20) Vatican, Rome.
School of Athens
(1510-11) fresco, Raphael Rooms Vatican.
(1513) Gemaldegallerie, Dresden.
of Baldassare Castiglione (1514-15) Louvre, Paris.
X with Cardinals (1518) Uffizi, Florence.
(1518-20) Pinacoteca Apostolica, Vatican
Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669)
Incomparable Dutch painter, one of the best portrait artists in the history
Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp (1632) Mauritshuis, The Hague.
Night Watch (1642)
Contemplating the Bust of Homer (1653) Metropolitan Museum, NY.
Holding King David's Letter (1654) Louvre Museum, Paris.
Jan Six (1654) The Six Collection, Amsterdam.
Jacob Blessing the Children of Joseph (1656) Gemaldegallerie, Kassel.
of Julius Civilis (1661) National Museum, Stockholm.
of the Cloth-Makers Guild (The Staalmeesters) (1662) Rijksmuseum,
Suicide of Lucretia
(c.1666) The Minneapolis Institute of Arts.
(Isaac and Rebecca) (c.1665-8) Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam.
of the Prodigal Son (1666-69)
Joshua Reynolds (1723-92)
Arguably the greatest 18th century portrait painter in England.
Portrait of Nelly O'Brien (1762) The Wallace Collection.
Mrs. Abington (1771) Yale Center for British Art.
Charles Burney (1781) National Portrait Gallery, London.
Jusepe 'Jose' Ribera (1591-1652)
Caravaggesque style Spanish religious painter, active in Naples.
The Holy Trinity (1635) oil on canvas, Prado Museum, Madrid.
Saint Paul the Hermit (1640) oil on canvas, Prado, Madrid.
Boy with a Club Foot (1642) Louvre, Paris.
Francisco Ribalta (1565-1628)
Realist painter whose style paved the way for Velazquez, Ribera and Zurbaran.
Christ Embracing St Bernard (1625-27) Prado.
Hyacinthe Rigaud (1659-1743)
French Rococo portraitist best-known for his portraits of the French royal
Louis XIV (1701) Louvre, Paris.
Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)
Flemish painter, greatest Baroque artist of Northern Europe; known for
fleshy female nudes.
Samson and Delilah
(1609) oil on wood, National Gallery, London.
from the Cross (Rubens) (1612-14) oil on wood, Cathedal of Our Lady,
Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus (1618) Alte Pinakothek, Munich.
of Paris (1632-6) National Gallery, London. (cf. 1597-99 version,
Andrei Rublev (c.1360-1430)
Finest exponent of icon painting in Russia.
Holy Trinity Icon
(c.1411) Egg tempera on wood, Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow.
Jacob Van Ruisdael (1628-82)
Pupil of his uncle Salomon Van Ruisdael, one of the greatest Dutch landscape
The Mill at Wijk Near Duurstede (1670) oil on canvas, Rijksmuseum.
Jewish Cemetery at Ouderkerk (1670) oil on canvas, Alte Meister,
Rachel Ruysch (1664-1750)
Greatly influenced by Heem, Ruysch specialised in flower pictures and
Basket of Flowers (1711) Uffizi, Florence.
Flowers, Fruit, and Insects (1716) Palazzo Pitti, Florence.
Salomon van Ruysdael (1602-70)
One of the greatest Dutch Realist landscape painters, active in Haarlem.
River Landscape near Arnhem (1651) oil on panel, Hermitage Museum,