Norwegian-born Danish Impressionist, leader of Skagen artist colony. Noted
for Hip Hip Hurrah! Artists Party at Skagen (1888, Goteborgs Konstmuseum,
Sweden), and Summer Evening on Skagen's South Beach with Anna Ancher
and Marie Kroyer (1893, Skagen Museum).
A pupil of P.S. Kroyer, Hammershoi is the greatest Impressionist genre-painter
from Denmark, noted for his quiet interiors in muted colours and tones.
The greatest Swedish Impressionist, noted for his society portraits and
Abbott McNeill Whistler (18341903)
After flunking West Point, he went to Paris at 21 to study painting. Along
with Manet, Pissarro, Guillaumin, Fantin-Latour, Jongkind and Cezanne,
he showed at the Salon des Refuses in 1863. Although never an Impressionist
proper, his atmospheric Nocturnes were strongly Impressionistic
in mood, and paved the way for the emergence of American
Mark Fisher (1841-1923)
American painter from Boston who studied under Charles Gleyre with Monet,
Sisley and Bazille. Settled in London where he rapidly established a busy
Daughter of a wealthy Pittsburgh banker, she trained at the Pittsburgh
Academy of Arts and afterwards in Paris, where - at the invitation of
Degas - she exhibited with the group after 1879. She became the leading
American female Impressionist painter, as well as an important source
of contacts between painters and American collectors. Sadly, she abandoned
painting after being struck by blindness in 1914.
Merritt Chase (1849-1916)
Early exponent of Impressionism in America, he was known for his park
scenes, his portraiture and, above all, for his outstanding contribution
to the teaching of art, in New York, Philadelphia and Chicago.
An early exponent of Impressionism, Robinson spent almost a decade in
France, where he became a close friend of Claude Monet. Had a conservative
style of Impressionism, in which the importance of drawing was never forgotten,
but he produced some of the great masterpieces of American Impressionist
painting. Best known for his landscapes, genre works and Connecticut boat
Henry Twachtman (1853-1902)
Ohio-born Munich and Paris-trained Impressionist landscape painter, influenced
by Whistler, Japanese art, and French Impressionism, Twachtman had a personal
style of painting which allowed him to infuse his canvases with a range
of emotional reactions.
Singer Sargent (1856-1925)
A strong adherent of Impressionism, though also influenced by Old Master
portraitists such as Velazquez and Frans Hals, his rapid virtuoso dexterity
lent itself perfectly to the spontaneity of the style. One of the greatest
of 19th century portrait artists. See also Impressionist
Trained in Boston and then in Paris (1886-9), where he adopted the techniques
and colour palette of the Impressionists. Afterwards he settled in New
York and became the first artist to import Impressionism into America.
A foremost exponent of the style, he was (like Cassatt before him) given
a one-man show at the prestigious Paul
Durand-Ruel gallery in Paris, in 1901.
Alden Weir (1852-1919)
American painter noted for his Impressionist landscapes, and his more
conservative still lifes, flower paintings and portraiture. A close friend
of Twachtman, he became President of the Association of American Painters
The Ten (c.1898-1919)
This American Impressionist group consisted of ten progressive painters
from Boston and New York, most of whom had studied in Paris, who exhibited
together in a series of shows between 1898 and 1919. Members included:
Childe Hassam, Frank W. Benson (1862-1951), Joseph R de Camp (1858-1923),
Thomas W. Dewing (1851-1938), William L. Metcalf (1858-1925), Robert Reid
(1862-1929), John H Twachtman (1853-1902), Edmund C. Tarbell (1862-1938),
Edward E. Simmons (1852-1931), William Merritt Chase (1849-1916), and
Julian Alden Weir (1852-1919).
Russian forest painter, more naturalist than Impressionist.
Outstanding Impressionistic portraitist and genre painter.
Ilya Repin (18441930)
Arguably the greatest all-round Russian painter of the Impressionist era.
Arguably the greatest Russian landscape painter.
Portraitist. One of the great 'Itinerant' painters.
An early form of Impressionism in Italy
is represented in works by Giovanni Fattori (18251908), Silvestro
Lega (182695), Serafino da Tivoli (1826-92), Giuseppe Abbati (1836-68)
and Telemaco Signorini (18351901), all of whom were associated with
the Macchiaioli painting movement.
In Spain, the leading Impressionist was the Catalan painter Joaquin
Sorolla Y Bastida (1863-1923).
The Father of Australian landscape painting, he was the first artist to
import Impressionism into Australia (1885), following a short European
tour. Became a successful portraitist as well as one of the first Aussie
plein air painters. For details, see: Heidelberg
School (c.1886-1900) of Australian
John Peter Russell (1858-1930)
A contemporary of Roberts, he studied at Slade Art College in London,
and afterwards became friendly with Van Gogh in Paris, where he mixed
with the Cloisonnism painters Louis Anquetin,
and Emile Bernard and the sculptor Rodin. Strongly influenced by Monet,
whom he met several times, he returned finally to Sydney in 1908, and
was swallowed up by obscurity.
The most successful of the Heidelberg painters and the greatest landscape
artist in the group.
An early member of the Heidelberg School, though his duties as drawing
master at the school of design in Melbourne limited his activity as a
plein-air painter; became a founding member of the Australian Art Association.
English-born painter, lithographer and fan-designer; an early member of
the Heidelberg group, and a close friend of Roberts in the late 1880s.