World's Greatest Modern Artists
Greatest Painters, Sculptors, Printmakers of the Modernist Era (19th/20th Century).

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Head of a Woman 'Medusa' (1923)
By Alexei von Jawlensky,
the "Russian Matisse."
Museum of Fine Arts, Lyon.

One of the most beautiful of
the great modern paintings.

PART TWO: Top Artists (c.1850 - 1960s)

Pre-Raphaelites (Founded 1848)
Realism School (19th Century)
Symbolists (19th Century)
Russian Painters
Australian (19th/20th Century)
Art Nouveau Artists
19th Century Sculptors
20th Century Painters
Fauvist Artists
Realism School (20th Century)
Socialist Realism
Metaphysical Painters
Art Deco
Abstract Artists
Modern Sculptors
Abstract Expressionists
Pop Artists
Modern Photographers

• For PART ONE, see: Greatest Visual Artists (c.1000-1850)
• For PART THREE, see: Postmodernist Artists (1960s onwards)
• For the leading artists born after 1945, see: Top Contemporary Artists.

Staircase and interior design
in Tassel Hotel, Brussels.
By Victor Horta, the outstanding
Art Nouveau architect.

The most important art movement of the Victorian age in England. Visual artists of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood promoted the aesthetic and classical poses of Raphael and his predecessors.

Ford Madox Brown (1821-93)
Painter of social issues, literary subjects, murals, stained glass designer.
William Holman Hunt (1827-1910)
Founder of PRB. Famous paintings include The Lady of Shalott.
Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-82)
Founding member of PRB, noted for Beata Beatrix and other romantic works.
John Everett Millais (1829-96)
Academic-style portrait artist, noted for his romantic painting Ophelia.
Edward Burne-Jones (1833-1898)
Painter and William Morris designer, noted for Rosamund and Queen Eleanor.
John William Waterhouse (1849-1917)
Romantic English painter, noted for The Lady of Shalott.

Realism School (19th Century)
Visual artists of the realist school were the first to choose everyday scenes, themes and people as subjects for their paintings.

Ferdinand Georg Waldmuller (1793-1865)
Leading Austrian Biedermeier portraitist, genre painter, landscape artist.
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot (1796-1875)
Influential French landscape painter.
Honore Daumier (1808-1879)
French caricaturist, lithographer and terracotta sculptor.
Carl Spitzweg (1808-1885)
The "German Hogarth", noted for his Biedermeier genre paintings.
Theodore Rousseau (1812-1867)
Plein-air painter, master of naturalism; leader of Barbizon School.
Jean-Francois Millet (1814-75)
Realist painter, pioneer of Barbizon School of landscape art.
Adolph Menzel (1815-1905)
German realist history painter; small-scale Impressionist genre paintings.
Charles-Francois Daubigny (1817-1878)
Barbizon landscape painter who influenced Monet, Renoir and Pissarro.
Gustave Courbet (1819-77)
Founder of French Realism art movement.
Franz von Lenbach (1836-1904)
Best-known and highest-paid portrait painter in 19th century Germany.
Henri Fantin-Latour (1836-1904)
Still-life painter and portraitist on the fringes of the Impressionist group.
Wilhelm Leibl (1844-1900)
German realist painter, taught by Courbet; noted for portraits, genre scenes.
Jules Bastien-Lepage (1848-84)
Famous for his sentimental realist genre painting of rural life.

Visual artists of the Symbolism movement were usually Romantics, who employed mythology and dream imagery to communicate their message.

Puvis de Chavannes (1824-1898)
Leading Neoclassical/Symbolist French mural painter of the 19th century.
Gustave Moreau (1826-1898)
Known for his visionary religious and history painting. Taught Georges Rouault.
Arnold Bocklin (1827-1901)
Swiss symbolist painter, famous for Island of the Dead.
Odilon Redon (1840-1916)
Painter, lithographer, etcher, noted for The Cyclops; anticipated Surrealism.
Ferdinand Hodler (1853-1918)
Swiss symbolist, early expressionist; noted for The Night.
Max Klinger (1857-1920)
German symbolist painter, graphic artist; huge influence on Surrealist painters.
James Ensor (1860-1949)
Belgian Symbolist painter noted for Christ's Entry Into Brussels.


Visual artists like Claude Monet sought to replicate the "instant impression" of natural light. By working in the open air, close to nature, plein-air painters could best reproduce the transitory colours and effects of sunlight.

For biographies of Impressionists from France, Germany, Holland, Britain, Italy, Spain, Scandinavia, America, Russia and Australia, please see our article on Impressionist Painters.

Merely replicating nature proved insufficient for post-Impressionist visual artists like Cezanne, Gauguin, Seurat and Whistler. Their non-natural interpretations paved the way for revolutionary movements like Cubism and Expressionism.

For biographies of Post-Impressionists - chiefly those active in France - see our article on Post-Impressionist Painters.

Russian Painters
The greatest Russian visual artists of the 19th and early 20th century, from Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Siberia.

Ivan Shishkin (1832-98)
Forest landscape painter.
Vasily Perov (1833-82)
Critical realist genre painter.
Ivan Kramskoy (1837-1887)
Portraitist. Founder-member of the Society for Itinerant Art Exhibitions.
Konstantin Savitsky (1844-1905)
Critical realist genre painter.
Vasily Polenov (1844-1927)
Landscape & biblical painter.
Ilya Repin (1844-1930)
The greatest ever Ukrainian realist genre-painter and portraitist.
Vasily Surikov (1848-1916)
Russia's greatest history painter.
Mikhail Vrubel (1856-1910)
Symbolist painter.
Isaac Levitan (1860-1900)
Landscape painter.
Abram Arkhipov (1862-1930)
Genre painter, critical realism.
Alexei von Jawlensky (1864-1941)
Expressionist/colourist portrait artist, known as the Russian Matisse.
Valentin Serov (1865-1911)
Russia's greatest Impressionist.
Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944)
Russian painter, art theorist; leader of Der Blaue Reiter art group.
Leon Bakst (1866-1924)
Theatrical set and costume designer (Ballets Russes), and portraitist.
Alexander Benois (1870-1960)
Designer of theatrical sets for the Ballets Russes; Rococo & Russian folk art.
Kasimir Malevich (1878-1935)
Rayonist and Cubist, inventor of Suprematism art theory.
Natalia Goncharova (1881-1962)
Famous for her Neo-Primitivist painting, Rayonism, designs for Ballets Russes.
Mikhail Larionov (1881-1964)
Goncharova's partner, avant-garde painter, set designer, founder of Rayonism.
Marc Chagall (1887-1985)
Prolific Jewish-Russian painter, lithographer, stained glass artist.
Chaim Soutine (1893–1943)
Russian expressionist, Ecole de Paris; noted for portraits & animal carcasses.

Australian School (19th & 20th Century)

Tom Roberts (1856-1931)
Founder of the Heidelberg School of Aussie Impressionism and Naturalism.
Arthur Streeton (1867-1943)
The most celebrated indigenous landscape painter in 19th century Australia.
Charles Conder (1868-1909)
Key contributor to the Australian school of Impressionist open-air painting.
Fred McCubbin (1855-1917)
Famous for his subject/landscape paintings; Professor of Drawing, Melbourne.
Russell Drysdale (1912-81)
Famous Australian 'bush painter', noted for surrealist/expressionist landscapes.
Sidney Nolan (1917-92)
Most internationally famous Australian painter, noted for Ned Kelly paintings.


Art Nouveau Artists/Poster Designers
Visual artists who practised Art Nouveau sought novelty, but often found themselves following in the footsteps of Celtic, Byzantine or Rococo artists.

Jules Cheret (1836-1932)
Developed "3-stone chromolithography"; pioneered poster art.
Antoni Gaudi (1852-1926)
Catalan architect noted for his naturalistic Art Nouveau style of design.
Alphonse Mucha (1860-1939)
Czech lithographer, greatest-ever Art Nouveau poster designer.
Victor Horta
Belgian architect, member of Les Vingt, famous for Hotel Tassel.
Gustav Klimt
Viennese Secessionist painter, art nouveau style; best known for The Kiss.
Hector Guimard (1867-1942)
French architect, best known for his entrances to the Paris Metro.
Aubrey Beardsley (1872-98)
Celebrated illustrator, known for illustrations of Salome and Morte d'Arthur.
Leonetto Cappiello (1875-1942)
Italian "functionalist" poster designer.

19th Century Sculptors
The nineteenth century was an uncertain time for 3-D visual artists, whose range of interpretation had been severely curtailed by the socialism of the French Revolution. Only Rodin managed to deliver a suitably monumental message.

Auguste Preault (1809-1879)
Ornamental carver, leading French Romantic sculptor.
Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux (1827-1875)
Bes known for his masterpiece Ugolino and his Sons.
Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi (1834-1904)
French sculptor, designer of the Statue of Liberty.
Auguste Rodin (1840-1917)
The greatest sculptor of the 19th century.
Daniel Chester French (1850-1931)
American sculptor noted for Abraham Lincoln Memorial, Washington DC.

Fauvist Artists
These visual artists created a style which acted as a bridge between Impressionism and Expressionism.

Henri Matisse (1869-1954)
Fauvism leader; pioneer of colourism; noted for sculptures, gouache collages.
Henri-Charles Manguin (1874-1949)
Noted for his landscape paintings, still lifes and female nudes.
Albert Marquet (1875-1947)
Focused on landscapes. Vivid colours gave way to Impressionist style.
Maurice de Vlaminck (1876-1958)
Close friend of Derain; self-taught painter, strongly influenced by Van Gogh.
Raoul Dufy (1877-1953)
Le Havre Fauvist painter, textile designer, muralist, engraver and lithographer.
Kees van Dongen (1877-1968)
Dutch colourist, Die Brucke expressionist, society portraitist.
Othon Friesz (1879-1949)
Fauvist artist who returned to academic-style art under influence of Cezanne.
Charles Camoin (1879-1965)
Differed slightly in his Impressionistic style of painting.
Andre Derain (1880-1954)
Leading French fauvist painter, and a member of the Ecole de Paris.

These visual artists used colour, line and composition to convey their feelings, in total contrast to the conventions of the Salon. Expressionists produced some of the greatest 20th century paintings across all media.

Albert Pinkham Ryder (1847-1917)
Romantic expressionist painter from America noted for landscapes.
Lovis Corinth (1858-1925)
German Impressionist/ Expressionist painter; noted for Ecce Homo.
Edvard Munch (1863-1944)
Norwegian Expressionist painter, best known for The Scream.
Emil Nolde (1867-1956)
Oil painter, watercolourist, and printmaker noted for The Prophet woodcut.
Frank Kupka (1871-1957)
Czech abstract artist, Ecole de Paris, noted for semi-abstract coloured works.
Georges Rouault (1871-1958)
French expressionist painter, printmaker (aquatints), stained glass artist.
Otto Mueller (1874-1930)
Lyrical expressionist painter, noted for landscapes with nudes.
Paula Modersohn-Becker (1876-1907)
Worpswede artist, precursor of German Expressionism, noted for primitive art.
Gabriele Munter (1877-1962)
Kandinsky's partner; member of Blaue Reiter.
Franz Marc (1880-1916)
Co-founder of The Blue Rider expressionists in Munich.
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880-1938)
Leading member of Die-Brucke art group.
Erich Heckel (1883-1970)
Die Brucke artist, famous for his woodcuts, landscape paintings and nudes.
Amedeo Modigliani (1884-1920)
Greatest figurative expressionist of the 20th century.
Max Beckmann (1884-1950)
Member of New Objectivity group (Neue Sachlichkeit). Powerful self-portraits.
Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (1884-1976)
Die Brucke artist, best known for his printmaking, notably woodcuts.
Oskar Kokoschka (1886-1980)
Austrian expressionist, portraitist, landscape artist.
Raoul Hausmann (1886-1971)
Berlin Dadaist, co-inventor of photomontage (with Hannah Hoch).
Kurt Schwitters (1887-1948)
German Dada artist known for his "Merz" collage art, multi-media "Merzbau".
August Macke (1887-1914)
Der Blaue Reiter painter, noted for his softer style of expressionism.
Egon Schiele (1890-1918)
Short-lived, emotional Viennese figure-painter.
Otto Dix (1891-1969)
Anti-war artist, portrait painter. Member of New Objectivity group.
John Heartfield (Helmut Herzfeld) (1891-1968)
Dada artist famous for his political photomontages.
George Grosz (1893–1959)
Dadaist, expressionist painter, graphic artist, early user of photomontage.


Cubists and Futurists
Reacting against the "prettifying nature" of Impressionism, Cubist artists focused on intellectual issues concerning the two-dimensional picture-plane. Futurists focused on the 2-D representation of motion and movement.

Lyonel Feininger (1871-1956)
German/American caricaturist, Cubist painter and Bauhaus instructor.
Francis Picabia (1879-1953)
Cubist, Dadaist and Surrealist painter, based in France.
Georges Braque (1882-1963)
Co-inventor of Analytical and Synthetic Cubism.
Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)
Co-founder of Cubism; greatest sculptor/painter of the 20th century.
Percy Wyndham Lewis (1882-1957)
Leader of Vorticism, the British Cubo-Futurist movement.
Andre Lhote (1885-1962)
Cubist painter/sculptor best known as a teacher and theorist.
Juan Gris (1887-1927)
Spanish painter, leading Cubist theorist.
Fernand Leger (1881-1955)
Fourth Cubist painter, muralist, stained glass and textile artist.
Albert Gleizes (1881-1953)
Co-author with Metzinger of Du Cubisme, the first treatise on Cubism.
David Burlyuk (1882-1967)
Acknowledged to be the founder of Futurism in Russia.
Jean Metzinger (1883-1956)
Theorist on Cubism; co-wrote Du Cubisme with Gleizes.
Robert Delaunay (1885-1941)
Abstract artist, founder of Orphism (Orphic Cubism) or Simultanism.
Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968)
Cubist painter, Dadaist sculptor ("readymades"), pioneer conceptual artist.
Giacomo Balla (1871-1958)
Italian Futurist painter and sculptor, noted for Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash
Carlo Carra (1881-1966)
Famous for Funeral of the Anarchist Galli" (1911) and Metaphysical Painting.
Umberto Boccioni (1882-1916)
Italian Futurist sculptor, noted for Unique Forms of Continuity in Space.
Stuart Davis (1892-1964)
The leading American exponent of Cubism. Highly influential in the 50s.

Noted for their integration of art, technology and industrial design.

Vladimir Tatlin (1885-1953)
Painter, designer, sculptor; founder of Soviet Constructivism.
Lyubov Popova (1889-1924)
Inventor of an abstract idiom known as "painterly architectonics".
El Lissitzky (1890-1941)
Abstract painter, architect, designer, noted for Proun series, and graphic art.
Naum Gabo (1890-1977)
Born Naum Borisovich Pevzner, best known for his Constructivism/kinetic art.
Laszlo Moholy-Nagy (1895-1946)
Hungarian Constructivist artist, designer, Bauhaus teacher; Photograms.

Realism School (20th Century)
Figure painters specializing in true-life genre paintings and portraits.

Robert Henri (1865-1929)
Leader of the Group of Eight and the New York Ashcan School of painting.
George Wesley Bellows (1882-1925)
Ashcan school painter noted for urban cityscapes & A Stag at Sharkey's.
Edward Hopper
American artist, noted for his narrative urban genre-paintings.
Thomas Hart Benton (1889-1975)
Missouri-born American Regionalist painter, muralist.
Grant Wood (1892-1942)
Iowa regionalist painter, noted for his masterpiece American Gothic.
Norman Rockwell (1894-1978)
America's great populist illustrator, noted for his nostalgic subject paintings.
Andrew Wyeth (1917-2009)
One of America's top artists in the realism style, noted for Christina's World.
Lucian Freud (b.1922)
British artist noted for his banal masterpieces of figurative art.

Social/Socialist Realism of the Mexican School
Artists with a left-wing political agenda, whose works typically contain a moral or social message.

Jose Clemente Orozco (1883-1949)
Mexican fresco muralist, socialist realism style.
Diego Rivera (1886-1957)
Leader of the Mexican Murals Revival, married to Frida Kahlo.
David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896-1974)
Communist muralist, the most radical of the Mexican social realists.
Ben Shahn (1898-1969)
American social realist painter, famous for frescoes, gouaches, lithographs.
Frida Kahlo (1907–1954)
Wife of Rivera, best-known for her self-portraits.

Metaphysical Painters
The Italian Scuola di Pittura Metafisica is noted for its edgy compositions in which not everything is as it appears.

Giorgio De Chirico (1888-1978)
Co-founder (with Carlo Carra) of Metaphysical Painting (Pittura Metafisica)
Giorgio Morandi (1890-1964)
Outstanding still life artist in the minimalist tradition.

Art Deco and Precisionism
Art Deco was more of a decorative art and design movement, reflecting the sleek geometric forms of the new consumer age, while Precisionism was a style of architectural painting whose linear precision was used to reflect the industrial landscape of the Machine-Age.

Tamara de Lempicka (c.1895-1980)
Glamorous celebrity portraitist, trained under Andre Lhote.
Charles Demuth (1883-1935)
Avant-garde painter noted for industrial landscapes, and also poster-portraits.
Charles Sheeler (1883-1965)
Painter/ photographer whose works paid homage to American machinery/plant.

These visual artists, many of whom had been members of Dada, aimed to generate an entirely new set of imagery by liberating the creative power of the unconscious mind.

Andre Breton (1896-1966)
Founder, spokesman and theorist of the Surrealism movement.
Paul Nash (1889-1946)
British surrealist, War Artist, illustrator, landscape painter.
Man Ray (1890-1976)
Dada and Surrealist artist; photographer, painter, sculptor.
Max Ernst (1891-1976)
Multi-media collage artist, painter, sculptor, inventor of frottage.
Joan Miro
Spanish painter: ceramicist, etcher, lithographer, mosaicist, glass artist.
Andre Masson (1896-1987)
Noted for his automatic drawing.
Paul Delvaux (1897-1994)
Belgian surrealist painter, noted for paintings of dream-like female nudes.
Rene Magritte (1898-1967)
Belgian classical artist, Surrealist painter.
Salvador Dali (1904-89)
Most famous member of Surrealism movement of the 1930s.
Yves Tanguy (1900-55)
French-born, self-taught abstract Surrealist painter.
Alex Colville (1920-2013)
Canadian Magic Realist painter noted for The Swimming Race.

Abstract Artists
These visual artists exemplify geometric abstraction. Unfortunately, instead of discovering new pathways, most of these purists ended up repeating motifs.

Piet Mondrian (1872-1944)
Member of De Stijl design group, noted for geometric minimalist paintings.
Theo van Doesburg (1883-1931)
Abstract painter, designer, art theorist; founder of De Stijl design movement.
Josef Albers (1888-1976)
Bauhaus instructor, best known for Homage to the Square paintings.
Victor Vasarely (1906-1997)
Poster artist, painter; Hungarian founder of Op-Art; pioneer of Kinetic Art.
Bridget Riley (b.1931)
Leader of British Op-Art movement, a form of geometric abstract painting.
Sean Scully (b.1945)
Irish-American artist renowned for his monumental geometric shapes.

Modern Sculptors
These visual artists discovered new rules of line and depth, new shapes, new materials and new ways of interacting with space.

Aristide Maillol (1861-1944)
Best known for his large-scale female nude sculpture, The Mediterranean.
Ernst Barlach (1870-1938)
German Expressionist wood carver, ceramic and stone sculptor.
James Earle Fraser (1876-1953)
Classical realist American sculptor noted for The End of the Trail (1915)
Constantin Brancusi (1876-1957)
Romanian artist, arguably the first sculptor of the modern era.
Anna Hyatt Huntington (1876-1973)
American realist sculptor best known for her equestrian/animal statues.
Jacob Epstein (1880–1959)
Controversial British-American artist inspired by primitivism and ancient forms.
Jean Arp (1886-1966)
Dada artist, abstract sculptor, married to Sophie Taeuber-Arp.
Alexander Archipenko (1887-1964)
Highly influential Russian-American Cubist sculptor.
Ossip Zadkine (1890-1967)
Russian artist best known for his bronze sculpture Destroyed City.
Jacques Lipchitz (1891-1973)
Lithuanian-born Russian-Jewish Cubist sculptor.
Ben Nicholson (1894-1982)
Abstract sculptor/painter, noted for his low-relief sculptures "white reliefs."
Alexander Calder (1898-1976)
Inventor of kinetic sculpture (mobiles and stabiles).
Henry Moore (1898-1986)
Best known for his reclining nudes & organic forms in wood, bronze & stone.
Louise Nevelson (1899-1988)
Assemblage artist, known for her abstract "sculptured walls".
Alberto Giacometti (1901-1966)
Known for his elongated, emaciated figurative sculptures.
Jean Dubuffet (1901-1985)
Painter/sculptor best known for his vinyl-painted polystyrene sculpture.
Barbara Hepworth (1903-1975)
Perhaps the greatest British abstract sculptor, Member of St Ives School.
David Smith (1906-1965)
Highly influential American sculptor of the post-war period.
Meret Oppenheim (1913-85)
Famous for her Surrealist sculpture, Furry Breakfast.

Abstract Expressionists
These visual artists, divided loosely between exponents of "action-painting" and "colour field", sought to escape the outside world and focus on their relationship with the viewer. The first major American art movement.

Hans Hofmann (1880-1966)
Gestural expressionist, colourist, pioneered 'drip-painting'; famous art teacher.
Mark Tobey (1890-1976)
Noted for his calligraphic paintings, influenced by Oriental cultures.
Mark Rothko (1903-70)
Co-inventor of Colour Field painting; noted for monumental colourist paintings.
Adolph Gottlieb (1903-74)
Famous but schematic abstract expressionist painter influenced by Surrealism.
Arshile Gorky (1904-48)
Influential Armenian-American surrealist/abstract expressionist painter.
Clyfford Still (1904-1980)
American artist, co-inventor with Rothko/Newman of Colour Field painting.
Willem De Kooning (1904-97)
One of the key figures in American Abstract Expressionist art.
Barnett Newman (1905-70)
Leading figure in Colour Field Painting and Post-Painterly Abstraction.
Maria Helena Vieira da Silva (1908-92)
Portuguese-French abstract expressionist painter, member of Art Informel.
Franz Kline (1910-1962)
New York School gesturalist, known for calligraphic black-and-white pictures.
Jackson Pollock (1912-56)
Inventor of 'action-painting', a type of Abstract Expressionism.
Ad Reinhardt (1913-67)
Minimalist painter most famous for his "Black Paintings".
Philip Guston (1913-80)
Abstract Impressionist who switched to Neo-Expressionist representationalism.
Nicolas de Stael (1914-1955)
Russian-French painter; colourist, exponent of Lyrical Abstraction.
Robert Motherwell (1915-91)
Painter, collage artist, printmaker, noted for Elegy to the Spanish Republic.
Pierre Soulages (b.1919)
Abstract painter Associated with Tachisme Style of Art Informel.
Patrick Heron (1920-99)
English colourist painter associated with Lyrical Abstraction.
Georges Mathieu (1921-2012)
Pioneer of Lyrical Abstraction style of Art Informel and Tachisme.
Jean Paul Riopelle (1923-2002)
Canadian abstract painter, exponent of Lyrical Abstraction and Art Informel.
Sam Francis (1923-1994)
Influenced by Tachisme, Lyrical Abstraction and Japanese calligraphic art.
Ellsworth Kelly (b.1923)
Influenced Minimalism, Systemic Painting, Hard-edge Painting, Shaped Canvas.
Kenneth Noland (b.1924)
Pupil of Josef Albers; member of Hard Edge Painting; noted for Target images.
Helen Frankenthaler (b.1928)
Dated Greenberg; married Robert Motherwell; founded colour stain painting.
Robert Morris (b.1931)
Minimalist artists, noted for architectural drawings and Firestorm series.
Frank Stella (b.1936)
Minimalism pioneer, Post-Painterly Abstraction painter, shaped-canvas style.

Pop Artists
These visual artists made light-hearted fun of the forms revered and worshipped by the Consumer Society of the 1960s. Suddenly art could be made of anything.

Roy Lichtenstein (1923-97)
Painter in comic-strip style; noted for benday dot paintings, like Wham!
Robert Rauschenberg
Noted for his "Combines", collages, assemblages and conceptual art.
Andy Warhol (1928-87)
Most successful Pop-Artist; noted for screenprints, popular portraits.
Robert Indiana (b.1928)
Pop artist best known for his word paintings, such as "LOVE".
Claes Oldenburg (b.1929)
Swedish sculptor, noted for his Pop art images of everyday objects.
Jasper Johns (b.1930)
Highly successful American painter, sculptor, printmaker, pioneer of Pop art. Influenced by the avant-garde composer John Cage (1912-92).
James Rosenquist (b.1933)
Billboard painter and Pop artist noted for huge paintings like F-111.
Jim Dine (b.1935)
Pop artist best known for his assemblages and paintings with found objects.
Ed Ruscha (b.1937)
Pop and conceptual artist, noted for paintings, art photography and drawings.
David Hockney (b.1937)
English artist, noted for portraits, swimming-pool paintings, photo-collages.

Modern Art Photographers

Eugene Atget (1857-1927)
Famous for his architectural photographs of the disappearing buildings of Paris.
Alfred Stieglitz
American photograhic artist, modern art dealer, Georgia O'Keeffe's husband. One of the greatest photographers ever.
Edward Steichen (1879-1973)
Co-founder of Photo-Secession and "291" gallery of lens-based art, New York.
one of the first fashion photographers of the 20th century.
Edward Weston (1886-1958)
Noted for still life photographs.
Dorothea Lange (1895-1965)
Documentary photographer of the Great Depression.
Ansel Adams (1902-84)
Landscape photographer, noted for his photography of Yosemite National Park.
Leni Riefenstahl (1902-2003)
Best known for her Nazi propagandist camera art.
Walker Evans (1903-75)
American camera artist famous for documentary pictures of Great Depression.
Henri Cartier-Bresson (1908-2004)
Greatest ever street photographer.
Robert Capa (1913-54)
Photojournalist and war photographer.


• For more about modernist painters and sculptors, see: Visual Arts Encyclopedia.

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