Top 20 Most Expensive Paintings Sold at Auction
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The World's Most Expensive Paintings (11-20)

Contents

The Entire Top 20
Most Expensive Paintings (Numbers 11-20)
Most Expensive Paintings (Top 10)


Whether or not a painter
achieves fame, depends
largely upon fashion.
The history of art is full of
examples of painters who
suddenly came into fashion
years after their death. The
fact is, paintings represent
values - aesthetic, optical,
moral and social - all which
can change rapidly, with a
huge effect on the financial
value of the work and the
popularity of its creator.
Today, for instance, works
by Picasso, Rothko, Warhol
and Francis Bacon are in
huge demand. Tomorrow?
Who knows.

GREATEST GALLERIES
See: Best Art Museums.

The Entire Top 20

(1) Three Studies of Lucian Freud (1969) Francis Bacon ($142m) (2013)
(2) The Scream (1895) Munch ($119.9 million) (2012)
(3) Nude, Green Leaves and Bust (1932) Picasso ($106.5m) (2010)
(4) Silver Car Crash (Double Disaster) (1963) Andy Warhol. ($105m) (2013)
(5) Garcon a la Pipe (1905) Picasso. ($104.2m) (2004)
(6) Dora Maar with Cat (1941) Picasso. ($95.2m) (2006)
(7) Adele Bloch-bauer II (1912) Klimt. ($87.9m) (2006)
(8) Orange, Red, Yellow (1961) Mark Rothko ($86.9 million) (2012)
(9) Triptych (1976) Francis Bacon. ($86.3m) (2008)
(10) Black Fire I (1961) Barnett Newman. ($84.2m) (2014)
(11) Portrait of Dr. Gachet (1890) Van Gogh. ($82.5m) (1990)
(12) Portrait of John Edwards (triptych) (1984) Bacon. ($80.8m) (2014)
(13) Le Bassin aux Nympheas (1919) Claude Monet. ($80.5m) (2008)
(14) Bal au Moulin de la Galette (1876) Renoir. ($78.1m) (1990)
(15) Massacre of the Innocents (1611) Rubens. ($76.7 million) (2002)
(16) White Center (1950) Mark Rothko. ($72.8m) (2007)
(17) Green Car Crash (1963) Andy Warhol. ($71.7m) (2007)
(18) Portrait of the Artist Without a Beard (1889) Van Gogh. ($71.5m) (1998)
(19) Portrait of George Dyer Talking (1966) Francis Bacon. ($70m) (2014)
(20) Nude Sitting on a Divan (1917) Modigliani. ($68.9m) (2010)



11. Portrait of Dr. Gachet (1890)
By Vincent Van Gogh.
$82.5 million (1990)
Christie's, New York

ANALYZE PAINTINGS
For the meaning of important
pictures by Old Masters, see:
Famous Paintings Analyzed.

11. Portrait of Dr Gachet (1890)
• Painted by Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890).
• Sold at auction in 1990, for $82.5 million.
• Seller: Siegfried Kramarsky family: Buyer: Ryoei Saito.
• See also: Post-Impressionism in Holland.

A key figure in the history of expressionist painting, Van Gogh painted two portraits of Dr Gachet - the last-ditch psychiatrist with whom he stayed immediately prior to his suicide - each with a differing colour scheme. In both however, Van Gogh uses his unique style of expressionism to convey his view of Gachet's presence. The other portrait hangs in the Musee d'Orsay in Paris: sold in 1990 at Christie's for a world record price to the Japanese industrialist Ryoei Saito, it was reportedly resold to a European buyer in 1997 or 1998 for $70-$90 million. In both, Van Gogh demonstrates a strong sense of empathy with the 62-year old widower Gachet, due to the latter's eccentricities and melancholic unease, and his attempt to seek solace in hard work. One of the artist's most sympathetic expressionist portraits, the work here deliberately conveys the doctor's "heartbroken expression", reinforced by the addition of a glass with sprigs of foxglove - a homeopathic plant used to treat depression, as well as two French novels about the mental stresses of Parisian life.


12. Three Studies for a Portrait
of John Edwards (1984)
(Central Panel)
By Francis Bacon
$80.8 million (2014)
Christie's, New York

IRISH ART
For details of the top-priced works
by artists from Ireland, see:
Most Expensive Irish Paintings.

12. Portrait of John Edwards (1984)
Three Studies for a Portrait of John Edwards
• Painted by Francis Bacon (1909-92).
• Sold at auction in 2014, for $80.8 million.
• Seller: Unknown Taiwanese businessman. Buyer: Unknown Asian buyer.

In this triptych painting - rendered in a style similar to that used to create his record-breaking work Three Studies of Lucian Freud (1969) Bacon produces a study of his closest companion, John Edwards, an illiterate barman in the East End of London. One of Bacon's unique expressionist paintings, the work also contains elements of surrealism. On Bacon's death in 1992, Edwards inherited the estate and donated the artist's art studio to the Hugh Lane gallery in Dublin, where it now stands. In the late 90s Edwards settled in Thailand where he died in 2003.

What Makes a Great Painting?
Read our educational articles:
Art Evaluation: How to Appreciate Art
How to Appreciate Paintings


13. Le Bassin aux Nympheas (1919)
By Claude Monet.
£40.9 million ($80.5m) (2008)
Christie's, London

13. Le Bassin aux Nympheas (1919)
• Painted by Claude Monet (1840-1926).
• Sold at auction in 2008, for $80.5 million.
• Seller: unknown. Buyer: unknown.

One of the great Impressionist landscape paintings by one of the world's best landscape artists, this work is an outstanding large-scale example of Claude Monet's Waterlilies series. Influenced by Japonism, it features the famous Japanese bridge in Monet's water garden at Giverny, demonstrating his fascination with plein-air painting and his pursuit of pure Impressionism.

Le Bassin aux Nympheas is the most expensive painting by Monet and the second most expensive work of Impressionism after Bal au Moulin de la Galette by Renoir. It exemplifies the artist's lifelong attempt to master the replication of light: a task he continued to pursue until the very end.


14. Bal Au Moulin de la Galette (1876)
By Pierre-Auguste Renoir.
$78.1 million (1990)
Sotheby's, New York

14. Bal au Moulin de la Galette (1876)
• Painted by Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919).
• Sold at auction in 1990, for $78.1 million.
• Seller: Betsey Whitney. Buyer: Ryoei Saito.

This Renoir masterpiece, the most expensive example of Impressionism ever sold, portrays a Sunday afternoon dance in a Montmartre dance garden. It is one of the best-known Impressionist paintings, and highlights the artist's unique skill in reproducing dappled light, which infuses the whole work with a soft-focus quality. Also visible in this genre painting are several of Renoir's artist friends. Curiously, the painting has two things in common with Van Gogh's Portrait of Dr Gachet. First, it too was purchased by Ryoei Saito and subsequently resold at a loss to a European art collector. Second, it too has a 'sister' version - a larger canvas which (again like the other Gachet) hangs in the Musee d’Orsay. It ranks alongside The Luncheon of the Boating Party (1881, Phillips Collection) - also by Renoir - as one of the greatest genre paintings in the pantheon of Impressionist art.


15. Massacre of the Innocents (1611)
By Peter Paul Rubens.
$76.7 million (£49.5m) (2002)
Sotheby's, London

15. Massacre of the Innocents (1611)
• Painted by Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640).
• Sold at auction in 2002, for $76.7 million.
• Seller: Austrian art collector. Buyer: Kenneth Thomson.

Smashing its pre-sale estimate of £5 million, this Flemish painting is the most expensive work by an Old Master. It was purchased by Lord Thomson who later donated it to the Art Gallery of Ontario, Canada. A superb example of history painting, and ranked among the best Baroque paintings, the work depicts one of the most savage events in all Biblical art - the massacre of all new-born boys, ordered by Herod to prevent the emergence of a Messiah - and shows why Rubens is regarded as one of the best history painters of the 17th century. The composition contains all Rubens' usual themes: movement, muscle, flesh and above all, emotion. Look at his use of diagonals, colour contrasts and relationships between subjects - all of which help to involve the spectator. Compare this Flemish Baroque version of the story with the earlier Massacre of the Innocents by Pieter Bruegel.


16. White Center (Yellow, Pink and
Lavender on Rose) (1950)
By Mark Rothko.
$72.8 million (2007)
Sotheby's, New York

WORLD'S BEST PAINTING
See: Greatest Paintings Ever.

16. White Center (Yellow, Pink and Lavender on Rose) (1950)
• Painted by Mark Rothko (1903-70).
• Sold at auction in 2007, for $72.8 million.
• Seller: David Rockefeller. Buyer: Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani.
See also: Mark Rothko's Paintings (1938-70).

The most expensive piece of American art sold at auction, this signature work by one of the great abstract painters of the mid-20th century, and a pioneer of Colour Field Painting, is the second most expensive post-war painting sold at auction, after Francis Bacon's Triptych. Art critics consider it to be the first significant example of Rothko's famous 'multiform' stratified style of abstract expressionism. It was in the winter of 1948-9 that Rothko stumbled across his multiform concept, in which blocks of contrasting but complementary colour pigments are arranged vertically on huge canvases, in order to overwhelm or envelop the spectator. After applying a thin mixture of binder and pigment onto an untreated canvas, he would add layer after layer of thinned oils to produce a dense bed of overlapping colour and shape. Although he began with rich vibrant colour schemes, he later turned to more muted colours - a sign, according to some, of his growing depression. A heavy drinker, smoker and bad-eater, Rothko committed suicide at the age of 66 by taking an overdose of anti-depressants and slashing his wrists with a razor. Rothko's giant-sized colour-saturated abstract canvases paved the way for movements like Hard Edge Painting and other 1960s styles of Post-Painterly Abstraction. Now ranked among the greatest of 20th century painters within the genre of non-objective art, his works have influenced numerous European artists from several different schools


17. Green Car Crash (1963)
By Andy Warhol.
$71.7 million (2007)
Christie's, New York.

FACT ABOUT THE ART MARKET
Auction Houses Christie's and
Sotheby's control 95 percent of
global fine art auction sales.
See also Irish Art Market.

17. Green Car Crash (Green Burning Car I) (1963)
• Painted by Andy Warhol (1928-87).
• Sold at auction in 2007, for $71.7 million.
• Seller: David Rockefeller. Buyer: unknown.

Arguably the first example of postmodernist art, and the second most expensive piece of contemporary art (after Bacon's Triptych), this composition (employing synthetic polymer, silkscreen ink and acrylic on linen) was hammered down two days after Rothko's White Centre work, during Christie's 2007 record-breaking sale of contemporary art. The high price-tag was due in part to a heated bidding war between two buyers. It is the most expensive work by Andy Warhol, the leader of the Pop-Art movement. It belongs to the artist's famous 'Death and Disaster' series of works (1962-4), based on gruesome tabloid images of fatal accidents, suicides, and race riots, as well as such morbid iconography as electric chairs and atomic explosions. One sub-set of this genre of Andy Warhol's Pop Art features car crashes, of which this work is a prize exhibit. It was based on an image, published in Newsweek magazine, which captured the aftermath of a fatal crash during which the driver was hurled from the vehicle and impaled on a spike.


18. Portrait de l'Artiste Sans Barbe (1889)
By Vincent van Gogh.
$71.5 million (1998)
Christie's, New York

18. Portrait of the Artist Without a Beard (1889)
• Painted by Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890).
• Sold at auction in 1998, for $71.5 million.
• Seller: Family of Jacques Koerfer. Buyer: unknown.

This work by the short-lived Dutch pioneer of the Expressionist movement became the third most expensive painting ever sold at auction, when it was bought by an anonymous buyer in 1998, effectively reigniting the art market after the doldrums of the mid-1990s. Although not a masterpiece of Van Gogh's oeuvre, it is a unique self-portrait - since in all other self-portraits he is bearded - which gives us an unusually frank glimpse of the artist.

Painted in Saint-Remy-de-Provence, in Autumn 1889, Portrait of the Artist Without a Beard is one of two works by Van Gogh which appear in the World's Top 20 Most Expensive Paintings. Not bad for an artist who sold almost nothing during his lifetime.


19. Portrait of George Dyer Talking
(1966)
By Francis Bacon.
$70 million (2014)
Christie's, London

19. Portrait of George Dyer Talking (1966)
• Painted by Francis Bacon (1909-92). See: Famous Irish Artists.
• Sold at Christies London in February 2014, for $70 million.
• Seller: David Martinez Guzman. Buyer: unknown.

This work is a portrait of Bacon's lover George Dyer, painted at the height of the artist's creative powers. One of the greatest portrait paintings of the postmodernist era, it depicts Dyer seated on a revolving office stool in a garishly coloured room. His body and face are contorted, and his legs are tightly crossed. Overhead is a naked lightbulb, one of Bacon's favourite motifs. (George Dyer, 37, committed suicide on 24 October 1971, shortly before Bacon's career-making retrospective at the Grand Palais.) This work is similar to and shares features of Cubism with the 1966 Portrait of George Dyer Staring at a Blind Chord.


20. Nude Sitting on a Divan
("La Belle Romaine") (1917)
By Amedeo Modigliani.
$68.9 million (2010)
Sotheby's, New York

20. Nude Sitting on a Divan (1917)
• Painted by Modigliani (1884-1920).
• Sold at Sotheby's auction in November 2010, for $68.9 million.
• Seller: Halit Cingillioglu. Buyer: unknown.

Modigliani's Nu Assis sur un Divan (La Belle Romaine), portraying a partially draped woman sitting with crossed legs against a warm red background, was painted as part of a series of female nudes - the highpoint of the artist's career as one of Paris's greatest expressionist painters. During its sale, five telephone buyers competed to produce a record price, which was four times higher than when it was previously auctioned at Sotheby's in 1999. Later, Modigliani's Portrait of Jeanne Hebuterne with a Hat sold for $19.1 million, confirming his reputation as one of the best portrait artists in the history of modern art. Less than three years after finishing this painting, Modigliani died from tuberculosis. On the following day, his heavily pregnant girlfriend Jeanne Hebuterne threw herself out of a 5th-floor window.

PAINTING ANALYSIS
To understand some of the
world's top pictures, see:
Arnolfini Portrait (1434)
Descent From the Cross (1435)
La Primavera (1482-3)
Birth of Venus (1484-6)
Garden of Earthly Delights
Virgin of the Rocks (1483-5)
The Last Supper (1495–98)
Isenheim Altarpiece (1515)
School of Athens (1509-11)
Sistine Madonna (1513-14)
Venus of Urbino (1538)
Hunters in the Snow (1565)
The Night Watch (1642)
The Milkmaid (c.1658-1660)
Woman Holding a Balance
Girl with a Pearl Earring (1665)

• For the top USA galleries, see: Art Museums in America.
• For the best European venues, see: Art Museums in Europe.
• For more about top-priced pictures, see: Homepage.


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