Top 20 Most Expensive Paintings Sold at Auction
Record Prices For Fine Art Pictures.

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The World's Most Expensive Paintings Sold At Auction (11-20)


The Entire Top 20
Most Expensive Paintings (Numbers 11-20)
Most Expensive Paintings (Top 10)

Whether or not a painter
achieves fame, depends
largely upon fashion.
The history of art is full of
examples of painters who
suddenly came into fashion
years after their death. The
fact is, paintings represent
values - aesthetic, optical,
moral and social - all which
can change rapidly, with a
huge effect on the financial
value of the work and the
popularity of its creator.
Today, for instance, works
by Modigliani, Picasso,
Rothko, Warhol and
Francis Bacon are in
huge demand. Tomorrow?
Who knows.

See: Best Art Museums.

The Entire Top 20

(1) Salvator Mundi (c.1500) - Leonardo da Vinci ($450m) (2016)
(2) Les femmes d'Alger (1955) - Pablo Picasso ($179m) (2015)
(3) Reclining Nude ("Nu Couche") (1917-18) - Modigliani ($170.4m) (2015)
(4) Three Studies of Lucian Freud (1969) - Francis Bacon ($142m) (2013)
(5) Twelve Landscape Screens (1925) - Qi Baishi ($140m) (2017)
(6) The Scream (1895) - Edvard Munch ($119.9m) (2012)
(7) Young Girl with a Flower Basket - Pablo Picasso ($115) (2018)
(8) Untitled (1982) - Jean-Michel Basquiat ($110.5) (2017)
(9) Nude, Green Leaves and Bust (1932) - Pablo Picasso ($106m) (2010)
(10) Silver Car Crash (Double Disaster) (1963) - Andy Warhol ($105m) (2013)
(11) Garcon a la Pipe (1905) - Pablo Picasso. ($104.2m) (2004)
(12) Nurse (1964) - Roy Lichtenstein. ($95.4m) (2015)
(13) Dora Maar with Cat (1941) - Pablo Picasso. ($95.2m) (2006)
(14) Portrait of a Young Man Holding a Roundel (1480) - Sandro Botticelli ($92 million) (2021)
(15) Chop Suey (1929) - Edward Hopper. ($91.9m) (2018)
(16) Portrait of an Artist (1972) - David Hockney. ($90.3m) (2018)
(17) Buffalo II (1964) - Robert Rauschenberg. ($88.8m) (2019)
(18) Orange, Red, Yellow (1961) Mark Rothko ($86.9 million) (2012)
(19) Triptych (1976) Francis Bacon. ($86.3m) (2008)
(20) Black Fire I (1961) Barnett Newman. ($84.2m) (2014)



11. Boy with a Pipe (1905)
(Garcon a la Pipe)
By Pablo Picasso.
$104.2 million (2004)
Sotheby's, New York







12. Nurse (1964)
By Roy Lichtenstein
$95.4 million (2015)
Christie's, New York






13. Dora Maar with Cat (1941)
By Pablo Picasso.
$95.2 million (2006)
Sotheby's, New York









14.Portrait of a Young Man Holding a Roundel
By Botticelli.
$92 million (2021)
Sotheby's, New York






15. Chop Suey
By Edward Hopper.
$91.9 million (2018)
Christies, New York




16. Portrait of an Artist
By David Hockney.
$90.3 million (2018)
Christies, New York




17. Buffalo II
By Robert Rauschenberg
$88.8 million (2019)
Christies, New York

11. Garcon a la Pipe (Boy with a Pipe) (1905)
• Painted by Pablo Picasso (1881-1973).
• Sold at auction in 2004, for $104.2 million.
• Seller: Greentree foundation (Whitney family). Buyer: unknown.

The most expensive work of figure painting, this Picasso masterpiece took a mere 7 minutes of bidding to reach the hammered price, which far exceeded the previous record of $82.5 million set by Van Gogh's Portrait of Dr Gachet in 1990, breaking the $100 million barrier in the process.

Painted by the 24-year old Pablo Picasso during his more cheerful Rose Period, (following his mournful Blue Period), it is surely his most lyrical example of representational art, as well as one of the most iconic works of the early 20th century and the finest still in private hands. For an explanation of modern works like this, see: Analysis of Modern Paintings (1800-2000).


12. Nurse (1964)
• Painted by Roy Lichtenstein (1923-1997).
• Sold at auction in 2015, for $95.4 million.
• Seller: Peter Brant. Buyer: Unknown.

Instantly recognizable as a Lichtenstein comic-strip style painting, whose colours and tones are built up with primary-coloured Ben-Day dots painted through stencils, this picture of a shocked-looking blonde woman in a stiff white collar and starched white hat was taken from a comic romance novel of the early 1960s. The work - like its sister paintings "Whaam!" (1963, Tate Gallery, London) and "Drowning Girl" (1963, Museum of Modern Art, New York) - exemplifies Lichtenstein's method of making art out of low-brow subjects, which was a defining feature of Pop-art in the 1960s and postmodernist art of the 70s and later. The sale establishes the artist as the most collectible Pop artist after Andy Warhol.

13. Dora Maar au Chat (1941)
• Painted by Pablo Picasso (1881-1973).
• Sold at auction in 2006, for $95.2 million.
• Seller: Gidwitz family. Buyer: unknown.

Dora Maar with Cat is a large, luminous, portrait of Picasso's mistress, seated on a chair with a small cat perched on her shoulders. Executed in the idiom of Cubism, the artist is trying to present several simultaneous views of Maar's face. When the work went on sale in 2006, it far exceeded its $50 million estimate, and became the second most expensive painting sold by an auctioneer in the history of art. An inspiration as well as a mistress, Dora Maar (1907-1997) was one of Picasso's favourite models and the subject of countless interpretations (eg. Weeping Woman 1937, Tate) during the course of their dynamic relationship which endured for 11 years from 1935 to 1946. In this portrait of Maar, Picasso has added numerous deliberate narrative or symbolic elements, including: a hat, symbolizing a crown; a cat, alluding to feminine guile and sensual activity; long sharp fingernails (not visible in the picture) to reinforce the idea of feline aggression; a vibrant colour scheme picking out various details of Maar's dress (not visible). Whether these elements were intended to compliment or demonize Maar remains unclear.


14. Portrait of a Young Man Holding a Roundel (1480)
• Painted by Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510).
• Sold at auction in 2021, for $92 million.
• Seller: Sheldon Solow. Buyer: Asian collector.

This painting is believed to represent the male beauty ideals of the Florentine society during the Renaissance. A young man, thought to be someone from the Medici family is wearing a simple blue tunic. Blue was very rare and expensive at the time. The work is painted with tempera on wood and is just under 60cmx40cm. The roundel was added later, and is believed to have been painted by Bartolomeo Bulgarini - an Italian painter of the Trecento period in Siena.

15. Chop Suey (1929)
• Painted by Edward Hopper (1882-1967).
• Sold at auction in 2018, for $91.9 million.
• Seller: Barney A. Ebsworth. Buyer: Private collector.

This realistic painting depicts a scene at a Chinese restaurant. Although the painting is set in a public place, there is a sense of loneliness which is typical of Hopper.


16. Portrait of an Artist (1972)
• Painted by David Hockney (1937-).
• Sold at auction in 2018, for $90.3 million.
• Seller: Joe Lewis. Buyer: Private collector.

This is one of the artist's most famous paintings. It depicts a man swimming underwater in a pool, while the artist stands to the side looking on. Hockney worked 18 hour days for 2 weeks to complete this picture.


17. Buffalo II (1964)
• Painted by Robert Rauschenberg (1925-2008).
• Sold at auction in 2019, for $88.8 million.
• Seller: Beatrice Cummings Mayer. Buyer: Private collector.

Oil and silkscreen ink on canvas, Buffalo II is a mixture of images that, for the artist defined modern life in 1960s America. The price shattered previous prices for works by Rauschenberg by 5 times. This elevated the artist to level of Jeff Koons, Andy Warhol, Mark Rothko and Cy Twombly.



18. Orange, Red, Yellow (1961)
By Mark Rothko.
$86.9 million (2012)
Christie's New York








19. Triptych (1976)
By Francis Bacon.
$86.3 million (2008)
Sotheby's New York








20. Black Fire I (1961)
By Barnett Newman
$84.2 million (2014)
Christie's, New York.

18. Orange, Red, Yellow (1961)
• Painted by Mark Rothko (1903-70).
• Sold at auction in 2012, for $86.9 million.
• Seller: The David Pincus Estate. Buyer: unknown.
See also: Mark Rothko's Paintings (1938-70).

The most expensive of all abstract paintings by a 20th century painter, and the highest price yet paid for a Rothko (the next highest is $72.8 million for his 1950 painting White Center: Yellow, Pink and Lavender on Rose bought at Sotheby's by Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani in 2007), the work - one of Rothko's masterpieces of Colour Field Painting - comprises blocks of orange and yellow paint on a red background. Not seen for the past 45 years, it was secured by an anonymous buyer after one of the longest bidding matches seen in a contemporary art sale, with bids leaping in increments of a million or sometimes two million dollars. For an interpretation of modern pictures like this, see: Analysis of Modern Paintings (1800-2000).


19. Triptych (1976)
• Painted by Francis Bacon (1909-92).
• Sold at auction in 2008, for $86.3 million.
• Seller: European art collection. Buyer: Roman Abramovich.
See also: Most Expensive Irish Paintings.

A challenging masterpiece of postmodernist art by one of Europe's Top Contemporary Artists and, Francis Bacon’s Triptych, is regarded as the most important painting by the artist in private hands. It was the focal work of Bacon's most significant exhibition of new work of the 1970s - one of the most sustained and productive periods in his career - which was staged at the Galerie Claude Bernard in Paris in 1977. In this triptych, Bacon utilizes Greek Mythology to depict his personal fate, disclosing in a single work his full range of imagery and iconography. It is one of his most complex and imaginative works and bristles with classical narrative, much too complex to explain in a couple of sentences. Not surprisingly, given the quality of the work and the fact that Sotheby's had previously achieved five world record prices for works by Francis Bacon, Triptych smashed its pre-sale estimate of $70 million.


20. Black Fire I (1961)
• Painted by Barnett Newman (1905-70).
• Sold at auction in 2014, for $84.2 million.
• Seller: Unknown. Buyer: Unknown.
See also: Abstract Expressionist Painting.

A 9½-foot-high painting consisting of black pigment on canvas, Black Fire I doubled the artist's previous auction record of $43.8 million - for Onement VI (1953) - achieved at Sotheby's New York in May 2013. On loan to the Philadelphia Museum of Art for almost 30 years, it was bought by an anonymous phone bidder after a five-minute bidding contest. In this work, Newman used the same raw canvas and black palette that he employed for his series of 14 paintings, entitled The Stations of the Cross (1958-66). His aim was to render the raw canvas, relative to the black pigment, in such a way that it would "become colour" and possess its own characteristic of light. One of the key exponents of American abstract expressionism, Barnett Newman was associated with Colour Field Painting, along with Rothko and Clyfford Still (1904-80).




21. Portrait of Dr. Gachet (1890)
By Vincent Van Gogh.
$82.5 million (1990)
Christie's, New York

For the meaning of important
pictures by Old Masters, see:
Famous Paintings Analyzed.

21. Portrait of Dr Gachet (1890)
• Painted by Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890).
• Sold at auction in 1990, for $82.5 million.
• Seller: Siegfried Kramarsky family: Buyer: Ryoei Saito.
• See also: Post-Impressionism in Holland.

A key figure in the history of expressionist painting, Van Gogh painted two portraits of Dr Gachet - the last-ditch psychiatrist with whom he stayed immediately prior to his suicide - each with a differing colour scheme. In both however, Van Gogh uses his unique style of expressionism to convey his view of Gachet's presence. The other portrait hangs in the Musee d'Orsay in Paris: sold in 1990 at Christie's for a world record price to the Japanese industrialist Ryoei Saito, it was reportedly resold to a European buyer in 1997 or 1998 for $70-$90 million. In both, Van Gogh demonstrates a strong sense of empathy with the 62-year old widower Gachet, due to the latter's eccentricities and melancholic unease, and his attempt to seek solace in hard work. One of the artist's most sympathetic expressionist portraits, the work here deliberately conveys the doctor's "heartbroken expression", reinforced by the addition of a glass with sprigs of foxglove - a homeopathic plant used to treat depression, as well as two French novels about the mental stresses of Parisian life. For more about Van Gogh's style, see: Expressionist movement (1880s on).


22. Triple Elvis (Ferus Type)
(1963) By Andy Warhol.
$81.9 million (2014)
Christie's, New York

22. Triple Elvis (Ferus Type) (1963)
• Painted by Andy Warhol (1928-87).
• Sold at Christie's New York in November 2014, for $81.9 million.
• Seller: WestSpiel (Aachen). Buyer: unknown.
See also: Andy Warhol's Pop Art.

Warhol's "Triple Elvis" (Ferus Type) - created from silkscreen ink and silver paint - is taken from a publicity photograph for Elvis's 1960 movie "Flaming Star," which shows the singer in three overlapping images. Busting it's pre-sale estimate of around $60 million, it was hammered down for $81.9 million at Christie's (New York), in November 2014. An excellent example of Warhol's style of celebrity pop art, it is his second most expensive screenprint after "Silver Car Crash (Double Disaster)" (1963) which sold at Sotheby's in 2013, making him one of the best portrait artists of the mid-twentieth century and arguably the dominant figure in contemporary art of this period.


23. Three Studies for a Portrait
of John Edwards (1984)
(Central Panel)
By Francis Bacon
$80.8 million (2014)
Christie's, New York

23. Portrait of John Edwards (1984)
Three Studies for a Portrait of John Edwards
• Painted by Francis Bacon (1909-92).
• Sold at auction in 2014, for $80.8 million.
• Seller: Unknown Taiwanese businessman. Buyer: Unknown Asian buyer.

In this triptych painting - rendered in a style similar to that used to create his record-breaking work Three Studies of Lucian Freud (1969) Bacon produces a study of his closest companion, John Edwards, an illiterate barman in the East End of London. One of Bacon's unique expressionist paintings, the work also contains elements of surrealism. On Bacon's death in 1992, Edwards inherited the estate and donated the artist's art studio to the Hugh Lane gallery in Dublin, where it now stands. In the late 90s Edwards settled in Thailand where he died in 2003.

What Makes a Great Painting?
Read our educational articles:
Art Evaluation: How to Appreciate Art
How to Appreciate Paintings


24. Le Bassin aux Nympheas (1919)
By Claude Monet.
£40.9 million ($80.5m) (2008)
Christie's, London

24. Le Bassin aux Nympheas (1919)
• Painted by Claude Monet (1840-1926).
• Sold at auction in 2008, for $80.5 million.
• Seller: unknown. Buyer: unknown.

One of the great Impressionist landscape paintings by one of the world's best landscape artists, this work is an outstanding large-scale example of Claude Monet's Waterlilies series. Influenced by Japonism, it features the famous Japanese bridge in Monet's water garden at Giverny, demonstrating his fascination with plein-air painting and his pursuit of pure Impressionism.

Le Bassin aux Nympheas is the most expensive painting by Monet and the second most expensive work of Impressionism after Bal au Moulin de la Galette by Renoir. It exemplifies the artist's lifelong attempt to master the replication of light: a task he continued to pursue until the very end. For more, see: Characteristics of Impressionist Painting 1870-1910.


25. Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette
By Pierre-Auguste Renoir.
$78.1 million (1990)
Sotheby's, New York

25. Bal au Moulin de la Galette (1876)
• Painted by Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919).
• Sold at auction in 1990, for $78.1 million.
• Seller: Betsey Whitney. Buyer: Ryoei Saito.

This Renoir masterpiece, the most expensive example of Impressionism ever sold, portrays a Sunday afternoon dance in a Montmartre dance garden. It is one of the best-known Impressionist paintings, and highlights the artist's unique skill in reproducing dappled light, which infuses the whole work with a soft-focus quality. Also visible in this genre painting are several of Renoir's artist friends. Curiously, the painting has two things in common with Van Gogh's Portrait of Dr Gachet. First, it too was purchased by Ryoei Saito and subsequently resold at a loss to a European art collector. Second, it too has a 'sister' version - a larger canvas which (again like the other Gachet) hangs in the Musee d’Orsay. It ranks alongside The Luncheon of the Boating Party (1881, Phillips Collection) - also by Renoir - as one of the greatest genre paintings in the pantheon of Impressionist art.


26. Massacre of the Innocents (1611)
By Peter Paul Rubens.
$76.7 million (£49.5m) (2002)
Sotheby's, London

26. Massacre of the Innocents (1611)
• Painted by Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640).
• Sold at auction in 2002, for $76.7 million.
• Seller: Austrian art collector. Buyer: Kenneth Thomson.

Smashing its pre-sale estimate of £5 million, this Flemish painting is the most expensive of all religious paintings and the costliest work by an Old Master. It was purchased by Lord Thomson who later donated it to the Art Gallery of Ontario, Canada. A superb example of history painting, the work depicts a particularly savage event in Biblical art - the massacre of all new-born boys, ordered by Herod to prevent the emergence of a Messiah - and shows why Rubens is regarded as one of the best history painters of the 17th century. The composition contains all Rubens' usual themes: movement, muscle, flesh and above all, emotion. Look at his use of diagonals, colour contrasts and relationships between subjects - all of which help to involve the spectator. Compare this Flemish Baroque version of the story with the earlier Massacre of the Innocents by Pieter Bruegel.


27. White Center (Yellow, Pink and
Lavender on Rose) (1950)
By Mark Rothko.
$72.8 million (2007)
Sotheby's, New York

See: Greatest Paintings Ever.

27. White Center (Yellow, Pink and Lavender on Rose) (1950)
• Painted by Mark Rothko (1903-70).
• Sold at auction in 2007, for $72.8 million.
• Seller: David Rockefeller. Buyer: Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani.

The most expensive piece of American art sold at auction, this signature work by one of the great abstract painters of the mid-20th century, and a pioneer of Colour Field Painting, is the second most expensive post-war painting sold at auction, after Francis Bacon's Triptych. Art critics consider it to be the first significant example of Rothko's famous 'multiform' stratified style of abstract expressionism. It was in the winter of 1948-9 that Rothko stumbled across his multiform concept, in which blocks of contrasting but complementary colour pigments are arranged vertically on huge canvases, in order to overwhelm or envelop the spectator. After applying a thin mixture of binder and pigment onto an untreated canvas, he would add layer after layer of thinned oils to produce a dense bed of overlapping colour and shape. Although he began with rich vibrant colour schemes, he later turned to more muted colours - a sign, according to some, of his growing depression. A heavy drinker, smoker and bad-eater, Rothko - despite having created some of the greatest 20th century paintings - committed suicide at the age of 66 by taking an overdose of anti-depressants and slashing his wrists with a razor. Rothko's giant-sized colour-saturated abstract canvases paved the way for movements like Hard Edge Painting and other 1960s styles of Post-Painterly Abstraction. Now ranked among the greatest of 20th century painters within the genre of non-objective art, his works have influenced numerous European artists from several different schools.

Note: The most expensive painting by a living artist, is "Domplatz, Mailand" (Cathedral Square, Milan) (1968) by Gerhard Richter (b.1932), which sold at Sotheby's New York for $37.1 million.


To understand some of the
world's top pictures, see:
Arnolfini Portrait (1434)
Descent From the Cross (1435)
La Primavera (1482-3)
Birth of Venus (1484-6)
Garden of Earthly Delights
Virgin of the Rocks (1483-5)
The Last Supper (1495–98)
Isenheim Altarpiece (1515)
School of Athens (1509-11)
Sistine Madonna (1513-14)
Venus of Urbino (1538)
Hunters in the Snow (1565)
The Night Watch (1642)
The Milkmaid (c.1658-1660)
Woman Holding a Balance
Girl with a Pearl Earring (1665)

• For the top USA galleries, see: Art Museums in America.
• For the best European venues, see: Art Museums in Europe.
• For more about top-priced pictures, see: Homepage.

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