Paintings Listed Chronologically under
- Early manuscripts
A - B - C
- D-F - G - H-L
- M-N - O-P - Q-R
- S-T - U-Z
For details of early Christian wall paintings,
see the following articles:
Christian Art (c.150-1100)
Christian Art (inc.mosaics) (c.400-1200)
Painting in France (c.1000-1200)
Painting in Italy (c.1000-1200)
Painting in Spain (c.1000-1200)
Among the earliest surviving religious
paintings are figurative and abstract works that decorate early Christian
gospel texts. Here is a short selected list:
Gospels (Ethiopia) (390-660) Abba Garima Monastery.
Rabbula Gospels (Syria) (c.586) Laurentian Library, Florence.
Durrow (650-80) Trinity College Library.
Gospels (690-715) (Gospels of St Willibrord) B.N., Paris.
Gospels (690-720) British Museum.
Gospels (730) Lichfield Cathedral Library.
Kells (800) Trinity College Library.
See especially: Christ's
Monogram Page (Chi/Rho).
For later examples of illuminations
from Romanesque, Gothic and International Gothic gospel manuscripts, see
the following articles:
Manuscript Illumination (c.1000-1500)
Illuminated Manuscripts (c.1000-1150)
Illuminated Manuscripts (c.1150-1350)
Gothic Book Paintings (c.1375-1450)
Andrea del Sarto (1486-1530)
Leading Florentine Renaissance artist with Venetian sense of colour and
Madonna of the Harpies (1517) Uffizi Gallery, Florence.
Fra Angelico (1387-1455)
Dominican Friar, religious painter of the Early Renaissance.
(c.1450) fresco, San Marco Musem, Florence.
Antonello da Messina (1430-1479)
Learned oil painting from Jan Van Eyck; influenced Venetian Giovanni Bellini.
Crowned with Thorns (Ecce Homo) (1470) Metropolitan Museum, NY.
Martyrdom of St Sebastian (1476) Alte Meister Museum, Dresden.
Baciccio (Giovanni Batista Gaulli)
Italian quadraturista painter known for his High Baroque illusionist frescoes.
Adoration of the Name of Jesus (1674-9) Fresco, Sant'Ignazio, Rome.
Giovanni Bellini (1430-1516)
Greatest Venetian painter of the Early Renaissance.
Dead Christ Supported by the Madonna and St John (1460) Pinacoteca,
St Job Altarpiece (1480) oil/tempera on panel, Galleria dell'Accademia,
of St. Francis (1480) Frick Collection, New York.
Altarpiece (1505) Church of San Zaccaria, Venice.
Hieronymus Bosch (1450-1516)
Hugely innovative, deeply religious, visionary Dutch painter; early Surrealist.
(1490) Prado Museum, Madrid.
of Earthly Delights (1504) Prado Museum, Madrid.
The Last Judgement (Triptych) (1505-10) Bildendenkunste, Vienna.
Ecce Homo (1515-6) Fine Art Museum, Ghent.
Sandro Botticelli (Alessandro di Mariano
Leading Medici painter of Florence.
Madonna of the Magnificat (1483) Uffizi, Florence.
Mystic Nativity (1500) National Gallery, London.
Dierec Bouts (1415-75)
Netherlandish artist inspired by Van Eyck & Van der Weyden.
Last Supper (1464-7) Church of Saint Peter, Leuven, Belgium.
Melchior Broederlam (c.1350-1411)
Flemish court painter to Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy.
(1394-99) Museum of Fine Arts, Dijon.
Pieter Bruegel the Elder (c.1525-1569)
Greatest Netherlandish painter of the mid-16th century.
Proverbs (1559) Gemaldegalerie, SMPK, Berlin.
Mad Meg (Dulle
Griet) (1562) Mayer van den Bergh Museum, Antwerp
Tower of Babel
(1563) Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.
of the Innocents (c.1565-7) Kunsthistorisches Museum.
the Blind (1568) Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte.
Robert Campin (1375-1444)
The first great Flemish painter. Hugely influential.
(c.1427) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
Triptych (1410) Courtauld Institute Galleries.
Revolutionary Italian painter famous for natural-looking faces and use
of Saint Matthew (1599-1600)
Contarelli Chapel, San Luigi dei Francesi.
of Saint Matthew (1599-1600)
Contarelli Chapel, San Luigi dei Francesi.
on the way to Damascus (1601)
Cerasi Chapel, Santa Maria del Popolo.
Supper at Emmaus
National Gallery, London.
of Saint Peter (1601)
Cerasi Chapel, Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome.
Death of the
Louvre Museum, Paris.
of Christ (1601-3)
Vatican Museums, Rome.
Venetian painter, specialist in large narrative paintings (teleri).
Miracle of the Relic of the True Cross (1494) Academy Gallery,
Petrus Christus (c.1410-75)
Outstanding Flemish painter, pupil of Jan van Eyck.
The Lamentation (1455) Musee Royaux des Beaux Arts, Brussels.
Lovis Corinth (1958-1925)
German Expressionist painter and printmaker noted for drypoints and lithographs.
Ecce Homo (1925), Basel, Kunstmuseum.
High Renaissance Italian artist from Emilia, noted for illusionistic frescoes.
Vision of St John the Evangelist on Patmos (1520) Parma.
of the Virgin (Parma Cathedral) (1526-30).
Pietro da Cortona (1596-1669)
Jesuit painter best-known for his trompe l'oeil quadratura frescoes.
of Divine Providence (1633-39) Palazzo Barberini.
Gustave Courbet (1819-77)
Naturalist-style, socialist artist; leader of French Realism movement.
A Burial at Ornans
(1850) Musee d'Orsay.
Duccio Di Buoninsegna (1255-1319)
Greatest painter of the Sienese School of pre-Renaissance painting.
Madonna (Stoclet Madonna) (1300) Metropolitan Museum of Art.
(1308-11) Siena Museo dell'Opera del Duomo.
El Greco (1541-1614)
Greek-born painter, active in Spain, noted for large-scale religious paintings.
Christ (1577) Cathedral of Toledo
Count Orgaz (1586-88) Church of Santo Tome, Toledo.
View of Toledo
(1595-1600) Metropolitan Museum, New York.
driving the Traders from the Temple (1600) National Gallery, London.
of a Cardinal (1600) Metropolitan Museum, New York.
James Ensor (1860-1949)
Belgian symbolist painter.
Christ's Entry into Brussels (1888) Getty Museum, Los Angeles.
Jan van Eyck (1390-1441)
Most famous artist of early Netherlandish School; pioneer of oil painting.
(1432) Saint Bavo Catherdal, Ghent.
Jean Fouquet (1420-81)
Foremost French artist of the 15th century.
(1450-55) Koninklijk Museum; Gemaldegalerie, SMPK, Berlin.
Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)
French Post-Impressionist, best-known for colourist scenes of Tahitian
The Vision after the Sermon, (1888) National Gallery of Scotland.
The Yellow Christ (1889) Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo.
Gentile da Fabriano (1370-1427)
Leading Late Gothic painter in Italy.
Adoration of the Magi (1423) Uffizi, Florence.
Gentileschi, Artemisia (1597-1651)
Greatest female artist of the Baroque
Beheading Holofernes (1620) Uffizi Gallery, Florence.
Proto-Renaissance artist, noted for Padua frescos and a new non-hieratic
Byzantine style of art.
(Arena) Chapel Frescoes (1304-6) Padua, Italy.
Giotto's Arena Chapel frescoes feature
scenes from the Life of Joachim, the Virgin Mary, and from the Life
of Christ. The latter includes: The Nativity, the Adoration of the Magi,
the Presentation of Christ at the Temple, the Massacre of the Innocents,
Christ among the Doctors, the Baptism of Christ, the Marriage at Cana,
the Raising of Lazarus, Christ's Entry into Jerusalem, the Expulsion
of the Money-changers from the Temple, the Last Supper, the Washing
of Feet, the celebrated mural of the Betrayal
of Christ by Judas, Christ before Caiaphas the High Priest,
the Mocking of Christ, the Road to Calvary, the Crucifixion, The Lamentation
of Christ, the Resurrection (Noli me tangere), and the Ascension
Hugo Van Der Goes (14401482)
Netherlandish artist whose work had a major influence on painting in Florence.
(Triptych) (1475) oil on wood, Uffizi, Florence.
Matthias Grunewald (1475-1528)
Greatest German Northern Renaissance painter after Albrecht Durer.
(1512-15) oil on panel, Musee d'Unterlinden, Colmar.
Italian classical painter of the Bolognese School, noted for his dramatic
Raising of Lazarus (1619) Louvre, Paris.
Alexander Ivanov (1806-58)
Great religious painter in Russia during the early/mid 19th century.
The Appearance of Christ to the People (1837-57) Tretyakov Gallery,
Juan de Juanes (Vicente Juan Macip)
Valencia-born artist strongly influenced by Venetian painting.
The Last Supper (1560) Prado Museum.
Ivan Kramskoy (1837-1887)
Hugely talented Russian painter, noted for portraits and still lifes.
Christ in the Wilderness (1872) Tretyakov Gallery.
Laughter ("Hail, King of the Jews!") (1882) Russian Museum,
Georges de La Tour (1593-1652)
French Baroque Catholic painter famous for his dramatic lighting.
The Penitent Magdalene (1640) Louvre, Paris.
Tamara de Lempicka (Tamara Gorska)
Polish-Russian Art Deco style portrait painter active in Paris and America.
Adam and Eve (1932) Private Collection.
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)
Creator of the greatest ever portrait in classical art.
Virgin of the
Rocks (Madonna of the Rocks) (1483-5) oil/panel, Louvre, Paris.
Supper (1495-98) fresco, Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan.
Limbourg Brothers (Pol, Herman,
Greatest illuminators under the Duke of Burgundy and the Duke of Berry.
Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Berry (1413) gouache on vellum, Musee
Stefan Lochner (c.1410-51)
Leading member of the Cologne School of painting.
Dombild Altarpiece ("Three Kings Altarpiece", also called
the Altar of the City Patrons) (c.1440) Cologne Cathedral.
Madonna of the Rose Bower (144042) Wallraf-Richartz Museum,
Ambrogio Lorenzetti (1290-1348)
One of the first Sienese painter to adopt Giotto's naturalistic style.
of Good and Bad Government (1338-9) Palazzo Pubblico, Siena.