Early Renaissance Artists
Italian Painters and Sculptors of the 15th Century.

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Equestrian Monument of Bartolommeo
Colleoni (c.1483-88) Venice.
By Andrea del Verrocchio.

Louis III Duke of Mantua (1471-74)
Palazzo Ducale, Mantua.
(1490) by Mantegna.

Early Renaissance Artists (1400-1490)


The Greatest Paintings of the Early Renaissance


Up until about 1300, European painting, sculpture and architecture were dominated by forms of Gothic art, which drew much of its inspiration from Byzantine art of the Eastern Roman Empire. Then, during the early years of the 14th century - the era of Italian Pre-Renaissance Painting (1300-1400) and the Sienese School - the Florentine painter Giotto (1267-1337) caused a sensation with his Scrovegni (Arena) Chapel Frescoes (1303-10). A pupil of Cimabue, Giotto was the first artist to reject the flat Gothic style of painting, and to give his figures depth and character. Giotto's new style ushered in what we now call Proto-Renaissance art - a stepping stone to Renaissance art proper.

The Italian Renaissance proper emerged during the quattrocento (1400-1500). Its first phase is called the Early Renaissance, or the Florentine Renaissance, because it was centred on Florence. Early Renaissance painting continued to be influenced by Gothic forms as well as the revolutionary ideas of Giotto, but new techniques developed in Florence soon gave Renaissance art a new and wholly distinctive character.

The 3 most influential founders of the Renaissance in Florence included: (in design) the architect Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446), who was a central figure of early Renaissance architecture (see: Florence Cathedral, Brunelleschi and the Renaissance (1420-36); the painter Tommaso Masaccio (1401-28), who painted the Brancacci Chapel frescoes; and Donatello (1386-1466) - the first of the great Renaissance sculptors - who created the revolutionary bronze nude of David. Other major contributors to the Early Renaissance included: Piero della Francesca (1422-92). Andrea Mantegna (1431-1506) and Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510).



A-Z List of Early Renaissance Artists

See below for an alphabetical list of early Renaissance artists.

Agostino di Duccio (1418-1481) Sculptor Florence
Alberti, Leon Baptista (1404-1472) Architect
Amodeo, Giovanni Antonio (1447-1522) Milan Sculptor
Andrea del Castagno (1420-1457) Painter
Andrea del Verrocchio (1435-1488) Sculptor/Painter
Andrea della Robbia (1435-1525) Sculptor
Andrea di Bartolo (1389-1428) Painter
Angelico, Fra (1387-1455) Painter
Antonello da Messina (1430-1479) Painter
Antonio da Fabriano (1451-1486) Painter
Antonio di Domenico da Bamboccio (1351-1422) Naples Sculptor
Bellini, Gentile (1429-1507) Painter
Bellini, Giovanni (1430-1516) Painter
Benedetto da Majano (1442-1497) Marble Sculptor
Benvenuto di Giovanni (1436-1518) Painter
Bermejo, Bartolome (1405-1498) Spanish Painter
Berruguete, Pedro (1450-1504) Spanish Painter
Botticelli (1445-1510) Painter
Brunelleschi, Filippo (1377-1446)
Campagnola, Giulio (1482-1518) Engraver
Caradosso (1445-1527) Goldsmith, Terracotta Sculptor
Catena, Vincenzo (1480-1531) Venetian Painter
Ciuffagni, Bernardo (1385-1456) Sculptor
Civitali, Matteo (1435-1501) Marble Sculptor
Colombe, Michel (c.1430-1512) French Gothic sculptor
Cozzarelli, Giacomo (1453-1515) Sienese Bronze caster
Crivelli, Carlo (1430-1495) Painter
Crivelli, Vittorio (1440-1501) Painter
Dalmau, Luis (1428-1461) Spanish Painter
Desiderio da Settignano, (1430-1464) Painter/Sculptor
Domenico di Bartolo (1400-1447) Painter
Donatello (1386-1466) Sculptor
Federighi, Antonio (c.1420-1490) Sienese Sculptor
Fiorentino, Niccolo (1430-1514) Goldsmith
Foppa, Vincenzo (1430-1515) Painter
Fouquet, Jean (1420-81) French Painter (see his Melun Diptych)
Gentile da Fabriano (c.1370-1427)
Ghiberti, Lorenzo (1378-1455) Sculptor
Ghirlandaio, Domenico (1449-1494) Painter
Giuliano da Sangallo, (1443-1516) Architect
Goncalves, Nuno (1450-1471) Portuguese
Gozzoli, Benozzo (1420-1497) Painter
Huguet, Jaume (1415-1492) Spanish Painter
Jacopo de Barbari (1440-1515) Painter
Jacopo della Quercia (1371-1438) Sculptor
Lippi, Filippino (1457-1504) Painter
Lippi, Fra Filippo (1406-1469) Painter
Lombardo, Pietro (1435-1515) Sculptor
Luca della Robbia (1400-1482) Sculptor,
Mantegazza, Antonio (died 1495) Milan Sculptor
Mantegazza, Cristoforo (died 1482) Milan Sculptor
Mantegna, Andrea (1431-1506) Painter
Masolino (1383-1447) Painter
Mazzoni, Guido (1450-1518) Sculptor
Melozzo da Forli (1438-1494 Painter
Michelino da Besozzo (1388-1450) Painter
Michelozzi, Michelozzo (1391-1473) Florentine Sculptor
Michelozzo di Bartolomeo (1396-1472) Medici Architect
Mino da Fiesole (1431-1484) Marble Sculptor
Montagna, Bartolomeo (1450-1523) Painter
Nanni di Banco (1380-1421) Sculptor
Niccolo Dell 'Arca (1435-94) Terracotta Sculptor
Perugino (1450-1523): original fresco decorator of Raphael Rooms.
Piero della Francesca (1422-1492) Painter
Piero di Cosimo (1462-1521) Painter
Piero di Niccolo Lamberti (1393-1435) Sculptor
Pinturicchio (1454-1513) Painter
Pisanello (1395-1455) Painter
Pollaiolo, Piero (1441-1496) Painter
Pollaiuolo, Antonio (1432-1498) Painter/Sculptor
Rossellino, Antonio (1427-1479) Sculptor
Rossellino, Bernardo (1409-1464) Marble Sculptor
Sassetta (Stefano di Giovanni) (c.1395-1450) Painter
Squarcione, Francesco (1395-1468) Painter
Stefano di Zevio (1375-1451) Painter
Tura, Cosme (1430-1495) Painter
Uccello, Paolo (1397-1475) Painter
Ugo da Carpi (1455-1523) Woodcut artist
Vecchietta (1410-1480) Sienese Sculptor
Vecchio, Palma (1480-1528) Venetian Painter
Veneziano, Domenico (1410-1461) Painter
Vivarini, Alvise (1445-1505) Painter
Vivarini, Antonio (1420-1484) Painter
Vivarini, Bartolomeo (1440-1500) Painter
Zoppo, Marco (1433-1478) Painter

For details of famous painters, sculptors and architects
from the 14th, 15th and 16th century, see these articles:

Proto-Renaissance Artists (1300-1400)
Including Cimabue, Giotto, Duccio and others.
High Renaissance Artists (1490-1530)
Leonardo, Raphael, Michelangelo, Titian and others.
Mannerist Artists (c.1520-1600)
Pontormo, Bassano, Vasari, Tintoretto and others.
For an outline of how art evolved in different cities of Italy, see: Renaissance in Rome and Renaissance in Venice.

Finest Paintings of the Early Renaissance

Here is a selection of some of the greatest Renaissance paintings of the 15th century.

Antonello da Messina (1430-1479)
Portrait of a Man (1475) National Gallery, London.
Condottiero (1475) Louvre, Paris.

Gentile Bellini (c.1429-1507)
Procession of the True Cross in St Mark's Square (1496) G d'A. Venice.

Giovanni Bellini (1430-1516)
St Job Altarpiece (1480) Galleria dell'Accademia, Venice.

Alessandro Botticelli (1445-1510)
Birth of Venus (1482-6) Uffizi Gallery, Florence.
La Primavera (1478) Uffizi, Florence.

Domenico Ghirlandaio (1449-94)
Old Man with a Young Boy (1490) Louvre, Paris.

Fra Angelico (1395-1455)
The Linaiuoli Triptych (1433) Museo di San Marco, Florence.
The Annunciation (c.1450) San Marco, Florence.

Fra Filippo Lippi (1406-69)
Annunciation with Two Kneeling Donors (1445) GNd'AA, Rome.

Filippino Lippi (1457-1504)
Virgin and Child with Saints (Madonna of the Otto) (1485) Uffizi.

Andrea Mantegna (1430-1506)
Camera degli Sposi frescoes (1474) Palazzo Ducale, Mantua.
Lamentation over the Dead Christ (c.1470-80) Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan.

Tommaso Masaccio (1401-28)
Brancacci Chapel Frescoes (1424-8) Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence.
Expulsion From the Garden of Eden (c.1425) Santa Maria del Carmine.
The Tribute Money (c.1426) Santa Maria del Carmine.
Holy Trinity (1428) Santa Maria Novella, Florence.

Piero della Francesca (1420-92)
The Baptism of Christ (1440-50) National Gallery, London.
Flagellation of Christ (1450-60) Galleria Nazionale delle Marche, Urbino.
Portraits of Federico da Montefeltro and Battista Sforza (1465-66) Uffizi.

Paolo Uccello (1397-1475)
Battle of San Romano (1440) National Gallery, London.
Hunt in the Forest (1470) Ashmolean Museum, Oxford.

For sculptors/painters in Spain, see: Spanish Renaissance Artists.

• For other movements and periods, see: History of Art.
• For more biographies of Florentine painters and sculptors, see: Homepage.

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