Spanish Renaissance Artists
Painters, Sculptors, Architects in Spain: 15th-Century, 16th-Century.

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St Sebastian (1526-32)
Polychrome wood
National Museum of Religious
Carvings, Valladolid.
By Alonso Berruguete.

For details of colour painting
pigments and hues used by
Spanish Renaissance painters,
see: Renaissance Colour Palette.

For biographies and paintings
of the greatest artists in Europe
from the Renaissance to 1800,
see: Old Masters: Top 100.

See: History of Art.
See also: History of Art Timeline.

Spanish Renaissance Artists (c.1400-1600)

The Renaissance in Spain

Spanish painting and sculpture during the 15th and early 16th-century were altogether less advanced than their counterparts in Renaissance art in Italy and in the Northern Renaissance of Flanders and Germany. Indeed it is difficult even to locate the beginning of what properly might be termed a Renaissance in the Iberian Peninsula.

To all intents, Spanish art remained backward-looking and retarded with no ambitious patrons of the arts to compare with the Medici family in Florence, or the Papal patrons in the Vatican.

Spain was divided into several independent provinces - the most artistic being Catalonia and Valencia - with any great influence emanating from its possessions in Italy (Naples). The great painting traditions of cities like Seville and Madrid were yet to come, and there was no centralised Spanish Academy of Fine Arts. Of the few noteworthy Spanish Renaissance painters, mention might be made of Fernando Gallego (c.1440-1507), the master of Castilian painting; and Pedro Berruguete (1455-1504), court painter to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella.

Spanish Artists of the Early Renaissance (c.1400-90)

Abadia, Juan De La (Active 1470-1490) Painter (Huesca)
Almonacid, Sebastian De (c.1460-1526) Sculptor
Bermejo, Bartolome(Active 1474-1498) Painter
Berruguete, Pedro (1455-1504) Painter
Burgos, Juan De (Active 1450s) Painter (León)
Cordoba, Pedro De (Active 1470s) Painter (Cordoba)
Cruz, Diego De La (1482-1500) Painter (Burgos)
Frances, Nicolas (Active 1424-1468) Painter (León)
Gallego, Fernando (c.1440-1507) Painter
Ingles, Jorge (Active 1450s) Painter (Castile)
Jacomart, Jaume Baco (1411-1461) Painter (Valencia)
Marzal De Sax, Andres (Active 1393-1410) Painter (Valencia)
Master Of Avila (Active 1475-1500) Painter (Avila)
Master Of Budapest (Active c.1500) Painter (Castile)
Reixach, Juan (Active) Painter (Valencia)
Siloe, Gil De (1501) Sculptor (Burgos)
Zarza, Vasco De La (D. 1524) Sculptor (Avila)

For more facts about this period/
movement see these resources:
Proto-Renaissance (c.1300-1400)
Proto-Renaissance Artists
Early Renaissance (1400-90)
Early Renaissance Artists (1400-90)
High Renaissance (1490-1530)
High Renaissance Artists
Mannerism (1530-1600)
Mannerist Artists
Northern Renaissance Artists.

For a list of the most important
pictures from the 15th century, see:
Greatest Renaissance Paintings.

For more about the history
of oils, acrylics, watercolour
and other types of painting,
as well as famous painters,
see: Fine Art Painting.
For the history of oils,
see: Oil Painting.

For a list of the Top 10 painters/
sculptors: Best Artists of All Time.

For details of the best modern
painters, since 1800, see:
Famous Painters.

For information about the
"plastic arts" and 3-D works
in bronze, stone and clay,
along with biographies of
famous sculptors, see:
Sculpture Art.

Spanish Artists of the High Renaissance (c.1490-1530)

Arfe, Goldsmith Family (early 16th Century) Goldsmith
Berruguete, Alonso (1488-1561) Sculptor
Bigarny, Felipe (c.1470-1543) Sculptor
Borgona, Juan De (D. 1554) Painter (Toledo)
Campana, Pedro De (1503-1580) Painter
Fernandez, Alejo (c.1475-c.1545) Painter (Seville)
Fernandez, Pedro (c.1480-1521) Painter
Forment, Damian (c.1480-1540) Sculptor
Juan De Flandes (c.1465-1519) Painter
Llanos, Fernando (Active 1506-1516) Painter (Valencia)
Machuca, Pedro (1490/95-1550) Architect (Granada)
Masip, Vicente (c.1475-1545) Painter (Valencia)
Ordonez, Bartolomé (c.1490-1520) Sculptor
Osona, Rodrigo De, The Younger (fl. 1505-1530) Painter (Valencia)
Siloe, Diego De (c.1495-1563) Sculptor
Yanez De La Almedina, Fernando (Active 1505-36) Painter

Mannerism School in Spain (c.1530-1600)

The Spanish Mannerist style of art, which followed the High Renaissance and lasted until about 1600 when it was superceded by the Spanish Baroque, attracted no more talent than the Renaissance, but for the outstanding Greek-born Spanish artist Domenikos Theotokopoulos, known as El Greco, one-time court painter to King Philip II. Renowned for his large-scale emotional religious canvases, El Greco's elongated figures and unique colour married Byzantine traditions with those of Western painting.

Spanish Mannerist Artists

Astor, Diego De (c.1587-c.1650) Graphic Artist
Borrás, Fray Nicolás (1530-1610) Painter (Gandía)
Carbajal, Luis De (1531-c.1621) Painter
Carducho, Bartolomé (1554-1608) Painter
González Y Serrano, Bartolomé (1564-1627) Painter
Greco, El (1541-1614) Painter (Toledo)
Hernandez, Jeronimo (1540-1586) Sculptor (Seville)
Jordan, Esteban (1534-1600) Sculptor
Juanes, Juan De (c.1523-1579) Painter
Juni, Juan De (1506-1577) Sculptor (Valladolid)
Morales, Luis De (c.1520-1586) Painter
Navarrete, Juan Fernández De (c.1538-1579) Painter
Pantoja De La Cruz, Juan (1553-1608) Painter (Madrid)
Sanchez Coello, Alonso (1531-1588) Painter
Theotokopoulos, Domenikos (See also Greco, El)
Theotokopoulos, Jorge Manuel (1578-1631) Painter (Toledo)
Vázquez, Alonso (1565-1608) Painter (Seville)

• For a list of the top painters/sculptors, see: Visual Artists: Greatest.
• For more about painting, sculpture and prints, see: Homepage.

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