Best Spanish Baroque
An important pioneer of Baroque painting. For his best works, see Mannerist
section in Greatest Renaissance Paintings.
Naples-based caravaggist. See: Neapolitan
Baroque Painting (c.1650-1700).
The Holy Trinity (1635) oil on canvas, Prado Museum, Madrid
Saint Paul the Hermit (1640) oil on canvas, Prado, Madrid
Pious master of chiaroscuro, known for his monastic religious paintings.
Still Life with Oranges and Lemons (1633) oil, Fondazione Contini-Bonacossi
Christ on the Cross (1627) oil on canvas, Art Institute of Chicago
Madrid Royal Court painter, outstanding portraitist.
Christ on the Cross (1632) oil on canvas, Prado Museum, Madrid
Portrait of Pope Innocent X (1650) oil on canvas, Galleria Doria
Las Meninas (1656) oil on canvas, Prado Museum, Madrid
Esteban Murillo (1618-1682)
Popular painter of religious and genre-scenes.
Immaculate Conception of the Escorial (1678) Prado Museum, Madrid
Baroque Artists. See also: Spanish
Best French Baroque Paintings
Master of drawing, noted for portraits, religious and allegorical works.
Presentation in the Temple (1641) Louvre, Paris
de La Tour (15931652)
Lorraine-born painter, great colours and tenebrism,
influenced by Caravaggio.
St Thomas (1625-30) Louvre, Paris
The Cheat with the Ace of Clubs (1632) Kimbell Art Museum, Fort
The Payment of Taxes (1643) Lvov Art Gallery, Ukraine
French artist, active in Rome; one of the greatest classical academic
Et in Arcadia Ego (1637) Louvre, Paris
Rape of the Sabines (1638) oil on canvas, Louvre, Paris
The Holy Family on the Steps (1648) National Gallery, Washington
Classical Italianate landscape painter, inventor of Claudean style.
Landscape with Marriage of Isaac and Rebecca (1648) National Gallery,
Nain Brothers (Louis, Antoine, Mathieu)
Louis Le Nain (c.1593-1648)
Famous for realist peasant scenes in the manner of Velazquez.
Antoine Le Nain (c.15991648)
Best remembered for small-scale genre works.
Mathieu Le Nain (1607-1677)
Noted for polished paintings of cavaliers and other genre subjects.
Philippe de Champaigne (1602-74)
Flemish-born French artist, noted for religious paintings and portraits.
Triple Portrait of Cardinal Richlieu (1642) National Gallery, London
Le Brun (1619-90)
French painter, Director of French Academy, Gobelins tapestry factory.
The Adoration of the Shepherds (1689) Louvre, Paris.
Christ on the Cross (1637) Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow.
Hyacinthe Rigaud (1659-1743)
French portrait artist to Louis XIV and Louis XV.
Portrait of Louis XIV (1701) Louvre, Paris
Baroque Artists. See also: French Painting.
Best Flemish Baroque Paintings
Arguably the greatest Baroque history painter of the period.
Samson and Deliah (1609) oil on wood, National Gallery, London
Descent from the Cross (1611-14) Cathedal of Our Lady, Antwerp
Rape of the Daughters of Eluccipus (1618) oil, Alte Pinacothek,
Van Dyck (1599-1641)
Pupil of Rubens, famous for his portraiture.
Portrait of Cardinal Bentivoglio (1623) oil on canvas, Palazzo
King Charles I of England in Hunting Dress (1635) oil on canvas,
Active in Antwerp, collaborated on paintings with Rubens.
The Four Evangelists (1625) Louvre, Paris
Jan Bruegel the Elder (15681625)
Son of Pieter Bruegel; known as 'velvet Bruegel' for his polished landscapes.
Landscape with Windmills (1607) Prado Museum, Madrid
Still life painter; active in Antwerp, collaborated with Rubens.
The Butcher (1635) Pushkin
Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow
Teniers the Younger (16101691)
Antwerp painter, pupil of Rubens and Elsheimer.
The Archduke Leopold's Gallery (1651) Petworth House, UK
Baroque. See also: Flemish Painters
and Flemish Painting.
Best Dutch Baroque
First great portraitist of the 17th century Dutch Golden Age.
The Laughing Cavalier (1625) oil on canvas, Wallace Collection,
Utrecht artist noted for his genre-paintings.
Flute Players (1621) Staatliche Kunstsammlung, Kassel.
van Honthorst (1592-1656)
Caravaggist genre painter of Utrecht school.
Christ Before the High Priest (1617) National Gallery, London.
World's greatest ever portrait artist; master of etching and chiaroscuro.
Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp (1632) Mauritshuis, The Hague
The Night Watch
(1642) Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Contemplating the Bust of Homer (1653) Metropolitan Museum, NY
Holding King David's Letter (1654) Louvre, Paris
Portrait of Jan
Six (1654) Private Collection, Amsterdam
Conspiracy of Claudius Civilis (1661) Nationalmuseum, Stockholm
of the Cloth-Makers Guild (1662) Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Suicide of Lucretia
(c.1666) Minneapolis Institute of Arts
Bride (c.1665-8) Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Davidsz de Heem (1606-83)
Still life master of the Utrecht/Antwerp School.
A Table of Desserts (1640) Louvre, Paris
van Ostade (1610-85)
Painter of peasant scenes, from Haarlem.
The Smoker (1655) Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg.
Emanuel de Witte (1616-92)
Dutch painter noted for his architectural paintings of church interiors.
Interior of a Church (1680) oil on canvas, Hamburger Kunsthalle,
One of the greatest Dutch still life artists.
Still Life with Chinese Porcelain Jar (1662) oil on canvas, Gemaldegalerie,
Dutch landscape painter from Dordrecht.
Dordrecht from the North (1650) oil on canvas, Rothschild Collection.
River Landscape with Horseman and Peasants (1658) National Gallery,
Leiden artist noted for his tavern genre paintings.
The Christening Feast (1664) Wallace Collection, London.
Van Hoogstraten (1627-78)
Genre painter, noted for interiors.
View down the Corridor (1662) Dyrham Park, UK
Leiden painter of small-scale genre scenes.
The Sick Child (1660) Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam.
de Hooch (1629-84)
Dutch genre painter from Delft. A follower of Vermeer.
Courtyard of a House in Delft (1658) oil on canvas, National Gallery,
The greatest Dutch Realist painter; leader of Delft school.
Street (Street in Delft) (c.1657-58) Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
and a Laughing Girl (c.1658) Frick Collection, New York
The Milkmaid (c.1658-1660)
a Balance (1662-3) National Gallery of Art, Washington DC
Woman with a Water Jug/Pitcher (c.1662) Metropolitan Museum, NY
a Pearl Necklace (c.1663) Gemaldegalerie, SMPK, Berlin
a Pearl Earring (1665) Mauritshuis, The Hague
Girl with a Red
Hat (c.1666-1667) National Gallery of Art, Washington DC
The Art of Painting:
An Allegory (c.1666-73) K.M. Vienna
The Lacemaker (c.1669-1670)
Leading Baroque flower painter.
Flowers, Fruit, and Insects (1716) Palazzo Pitti, Florence.
Baroque. See also: Dutch
Realist School and Dutch Realist
Best German Baroque
Influential German history painter and landscape artist.
Flight into Egypt (1609) oil on copper, Alte Pinakothek, Munich.
For more about painters in Germany and
Austria during the 17th century, please see: German
The best Baroque paintings hang in the
best art museums around the world.