Tony Smith (1912-1980)
American architect and sculptor; a former architectural apprentice to
the great Frank Lloyd
Wright (1867-1959); Associated with abstract expressionists like Jackson
Pollock, Barnett Newman, Rothko and Clyfford Still. Only began exhibiting
from 1964. Devoted to non-figurative art, he is known for large-scale
- The Snake is Out (1962, Private Collection)
- Die (1962, MoMA, NY)
Polish-born Irish artist, noted for her large free flowing stainless steel
abstract public sculptures, including 'Freedom' (Bank of Ireland, Computer
Center Dublin), and 'Phoenix' (University of Limerick).
French-Italian experimental artist, best known for his junk sculptures
made from scrap material (eg. crushed cars). A leading member of the French
art movement Nouveau Realisme, he also had a more serious, even
lyrical side. [Two other members of the movement included Armand Fernandez,
(Arman) (1928-2005) and Niki de Saint-Phalle (1930-2002), although they
are not noted for their non-objective art.]
- Divided Head (1963, Fiorini, London)
- Expansion No.14 (1970, Musee National d'Art Moderne, Paris)
Pol Bury (1922-2005)
Influenced by Surrealism, especially by Rene Magritte and Yves Tanguy.
Became one of the most important twentieth-century exponents of kinetic
or moving sculpture.
- Relief Mobile 5 (1954, Musee d'Art Moderne, Saint-Etienne)
- Sphere on a Cylinder (1969, Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek)
Jesus Rafael Soto (b.1923)
Venezuelan sculptor, kinetic artist, active in Paris. His "Vibration
Structures" in 1958 helped to establish his international reputation.
- Untitled (1960, Museum of Modern Art, New York)
- Horizontal Movement (1963, Tate Collection, London)
Ellsworth Kelly (b.1923)
American painter, sculptor and printmaker; switched to abstract art in
the late 1940s, due to his fascination with stained glass windows. Influenced
by Constructivism, he adjusted to abstract expressionism and shaped canvas.
His sculpture mirrors his painted forms.
- Sculpture For a Large Wall (1956-7, MoMA, NY)
Eduardo Paolozzi (1924-2005)
British sculptor, one of the founders of British Pop-Art. Best known for
his large scale abstracts.
- Japanese War God (1958, Albright-Knox
Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY)
- The Bishop of Kuban (1962, Private Collection)
- The City of the Circle and the Square (1966, Tate Collection,
One of the most influential and innovative abstract sculptors in post-war
- Midday (1960, MoMA, NY)
- Early One Morning (1962, Tate Collection, London)
- Rape of the Sabines (1985-6, Metropolitan Life Building, Seattle)
Peter Voulkos (b.1924)
Abstract expressionist artist who applied action-painting techniques to
the art of sculpture.
- Big Missoula (1995, Los Angles County Museum of Art)
Eduardo Chillida (1925-2002)
Noted for his wrought-iron linear works and monumental public sculptures.
- Wind Comb (1977, Bay of San Sebastian, Spain)
- Berlin (2000, Bundeskanzleramt, Berlin-Tiergarten)
American painter, sculptor, multi-media artist, pioneer of Pop-Art, renowned
for his "Combines", collages and assemblages. The following
combine is made from painting, cloth, metal, leather, electric fixture,
cable, oil paint, and board.
- First Landing Jump (combine) (1961, Museum of Modern Art New
Takis (Panayiotis Vassilakis)
Greek experimental artist, pioneer of kinetic sculpture.
- Signal: Insect Animal of Space (1956, Tate Collection, London)
- Le Grand Signal (1964, Musee National d'Art Moderne, Pompidou
Swiss sculptor, kinetic artist, husband of Niki de Saint-Phalle. Tinguely
was the leading exponent of self-destructing (auto-destructive) junk
- Metamatics No.13 (1959, Musee National d'Art Moderne, Pompidou
- Puss-in-Boots (1959, MoMA, NY)
- Homage to New York (1960, Museum of Modern Art, New York)
- Eureka (1964, Lausanne)
- Trophy of Chasse-Le-Golem (1990, Gimpel Fils, London)
Leading figure of American minimalism,
very highly rated by the legendary British collector of contemporary art,
Charles Saatchi; pares his sculpture to the minimum material, shape and
colour; best known for his series of 'stacks' and 'specific objects'.
- Untitled (Stack) (1967, MoMA, NY)
- Untitled (Stack) (1990, Tate Collection, London)
American abstract sculptor and conceptual artist. A leading exponent of
Minimalist concrete art, he is best known for his geometrical skeletal
- Serial Project I (ABCD) (1966, MoMA, NY)
- Open Geometric Structure IV (1990) Painted wood, Lisson Gallery,
Irish semi-abstract sculptor, after Alberto Giacometti, best known for
his bronze King & Queen sold at auction in 2009 for €190,000,
a world record for Irish sculpture.
Magdalena Abakanowicz (b.1930)
Works in the Brancusi tradition; uses sculpture to promote spiritual contemplation.
- Catharsis (1985, Giulano Gori Collection, Celle, Italy)
Robert Morris (b.1931)
American painter, sculptor, performance artist and art theorist. Became
a leading exemplar of Minimalism, and abstract experimental sculpture.
- Untitled (Felt Tangle) (1967, Kunsthalle, Hamburg)
- Untitled (Mirrored Boxes) (1965-71, Tate Collection, London)
- Untitled (Fibre-glass) (1967-78, Tate, London)
- Untitled (1969, MoMA, NY)
Dan Flavin (1933-96)
American postmodernist creator of sculptures made from fluorescent lights.
- Monument For Vladimir Tatlin (1975, Musee National d'Art Moderne,
Di Suvero (b.1933)
American sculptor, a leading exponent of public large scale iron/steel
- Storm Angel (1973-4, Chalon-sur-Saone)
Walter de Maria (b.1935)
American minimalist sculptor noted for his simple geometric compositions
made out of industrial materials like stainless steel.
- Cage II (1965, MoMA, New York)
Carl Andre (b.1935)
Minimalist American sculptor best known for his geometric concrete art.
See also: 20th Century Sculptors.
- Equivalent 1 (1966-9, Kunstmuseum, Basel)
- Lead Square (1969, MoMA, NY)
- Zinc Magnesium Plain (1969, Baltimore Museum of Art)
- Tomb of the Golden Engenderers (1976, Private Collection)
Eva Hesse (1936-70)
German-American painter and sculptor, a pupil at Yale under Josef Albers.
Achieved rapid recognition as an exponent of Eccentric Abstraction.
- Repetition Nineteen III (1968, MoMA, New York)
Allen Jones (b.1937)
English pop artist, noted for his suggestive sculptures.
- Dancers (1987, Cottons Atrium, London Bridge City, London)
American postmodernist artist, former pupil of ex-Bauhaus teacher Joseph
Albers. World famous for his monumental public works constructed from
Cor-Ten steel and other industrial materials. - Tilted Arc (1981,
Federal Office Plaza, New York) - The Matter of Time (2004, Guggenheim
Jonathan Borofsky (b.1943)
American contemporary artist, noted for his monumental sculptures and
New Image Painting.
- Hammering Men (1984, Moderna Museet, Stockholm)
- Walking Man (1994-5, Paula Cooper Gallery, NY)
India-born British abstract sculptor, winner of the Turner
Prize, famous for his monumental works in rough hewn stone, cast metal
and stainless steel.
- Cloud Gate (2004, Millennium Park, Chicago)
- Marsyas (2002, Turbine Hall, Tate Modern, London)